Antigua and Barbuda, part of the Leeward Islands, consists of three islands--Antigua, Barbuda, and Redonda (uninhabited). The islands lie about 692 km north of Venezuela. Antigua and Barbuda has a total land area of 442 km2 (Antigua, 280 km2; Barbuda, 161 km2 and Redonda, only 1.3 km2).
The islands of Antigua and Barbuda are mostly flat. They were formed from volcanoes that were worn down by wind and rain. Antigua´s coast has numerous bays and inlets. Redonda is rocky and has little plant life.
The climate is tropical, but the islands are subject to drought. The average temperature is 27° C. The islands receive about 1 100 mm of rain annually, but occasionally there are long periods of drought.
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