The Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina is bounded on the north and west by Croatia and on the east and south by Serbis snf Montenegro. It has an area of 51 200 km2. There are approximately 20 km of coastline on the Adriatic Sea.
Much of the country is mountainous, particularly Bosnia in the northern part. The Dinaric Alps form the western border with Croatia and traverse the western and southern parts of the country. Herzegovina, in the south, is composed largely of rocky hills and flat farmland. Much of the country also lies within the Karst region, an area of limestone broken by depressions and ridges. Principal rivers include the Sava, flowing along the northern frontier, and its tributaries, the Una, Drina, and Vrbas.
Most of the country is characterised by hot summers and cold and snowy winters, although short, cool summers and long, severe winters are common at higher elevations. Heavy rains can fall in early summer. The average temperature in January is -1° C, and in July is 20° C. Temperatures along the republic's short coastline are warmer and winters there are rainy.
The designations employed and the presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.