The Republic of El Salvador is located on the Pacific Coast of Central America. It is bounded on the south by the Pacific Ocean, on the north-west by Guatemala, and on the north-east by Honduras. The country covers an area of 21 041 km2.
El Salvador has a fairly rugged landscape with very varied relief, made up mainly of two mountain ranges, the central coastal range and the northern range. The former is of recent volcanic formation and contains all the country's volcanoes, while the latter lies along the border with Honduras and contains the country's highest mountain, the Santa Ana volcano (2 385 m). A central plateau and interior valleys with fertile volcanic soils lie between the two ranges, while coastal plains 15 to 30 km wide with alluvial soil stretch along the Pacific. El Salvadors largest river, the Lempa, flows 320 km to the Pacific.
El Salvador's tropical climate varies due to elevation. The coastal plains along the Pacific are very hot, although the humidity is relatively low. From 600 to 1200 m a semitropical climate prevails, while above 1200 m the climate is temperate. Average annual rainfall is about 2 100 mm along the coast, with a rainy season from May through October, decreasing to less than 1 500 mm in the north-west. The average annual temperature of San Salvador is 24°C.
The designations employed and the presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.