Natural forest formations



Forest cover map

The principal types of natural vegetation correspond closely to altitude and/or temperature belts. The lowlands are characterised by steppes, savannas and woodlands, while the highlands carry forests that dissolve into woodlands, savannas and steppes in the higher mountains. The distribution patterns relate to the climax vegetation types. However, man has had a considerable influence on the vegetation as is shown clearly in the descriptions of the remaining woody vegetation types.

Von Breitenbach (1963) classifies the land area of Ethiopia into the broad climax vegetation types of mountain steppes, mountain savannas, mountain woodlands, highland forests, lowland woodlands, lowland savannas and lowland steppes. He further describes more than 50 different plant communities, especially from the botanical point of view.

The above map is an extract from the Global Forest Cover map produced as part of FRA 2000. Please refer to FRA Working Paper 19 for a background to the production of the map.

The designations employed and the presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

Map source: Global Forest Resources Assessment 2000, base map: ESRI

last updated:  Wednesday, December 14, 2011