Natural forest formations
Forest cover map
The Fijian archipelago includes over 500 islands ranging in size up to 10 388 km2 (Viti Levu). Second largest is Vanua Levu (5 535 km2), followed by Taveuni (434 km2). The smaller islands are largely encompassed in two recognized groups, the Yasawa Group and the Lau Group. Rotuma, an isolated island about 450 km north of Vanua Levu, is also a part of Fiji. Three major landforms are distinguished: flatlands, hilly lands and steeplands. Elevations range up to around 1 300 m and the mountainous topography produces pronounced windward/leeward rainfall effects. Rain forests dominate the windward and summit steeplands. Dry forests on the leeward sides have been largely usurped by grazing and fire, and persist only as remnants. Instead, extensive lowland areas support talasiqa vegetation, extensive degraded areas dominated by grasses and ferns. The following description of vegetation types is derived from Mueller-Dombois and Fosberg (1998).
The above map is an extract from the Global Forest Cover map produced as part of FRA 2000. Please refer to FRA Working Paper 19 for a background to the production of the map.
The designations employed and the presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Map source: Global Forest Resources Assessment 2000, base map: ESRI