Description of plantation resources
The contribution of the forestry sector to the economy is not as large as other sectors such as mining and oil production. However, forests play an important role. People living in rural areas are highly dependent on forests for their livelihood (Zola, 1998).
Development of forest plantations
Plantations in the country were first established during the colonial period. Most of the plantations were established by the railway company and paper companies to produce fuelwood for locomotives and raw material for paper production. Apart from these uses, public woodlots were established for several purposes such as production of fuelwood and watershed protection.
Since independence most plantations have been abandoned (Zola, 1998).
A 1975 inventory showed 148 000 ha of plantations. In 1989, there was a plan to plant 250 000 ha trees to provide shade and to protect soil from erosion. However, this plan was never implemented (IUCN, 1992). Continuation of planned plantation establishment was impossible because of the civil war. However, the demand for fuelwood and timber has continuously increased (MADR 1994).
The main species is Eucalyptus, accounting for 80 percent of the plantations. Pinus spp. and Cupressus lusitanica follow in popularity (Zola, 1998). The country is the only one in Africa with such a large area of Eucalyptus spp. (MADR, 1994).
No information available.
There is no forest management plan for the country, and the country suffers from a lack of skilled people and adequate financial resources. Lack of a forest inventory and other data makes estimates of forest resources unreliable (Zola, 1998). Due to lack of silvicultural treatments, most plantations are thought to be degraded (IUCN, 1992 and MADR, 1994).
ISA. 1999. Oil World Annual 1999. Hamburg, Germany, Internationale Statistische Agrarinformationen.
IUCN. 1992. Angola, Environment status quo assessment report. Harare, Zimbabwe, Regional Office for Southern Africa, World Conservation Union.
MADR. 1994. Rapport de la mission de consultation pour le sous-secteur forestier. Luanda, Ministère de l´Agriculture et du Développement Rural.
FAO. 1998. Forest plantation areas 1995. Report to the FAO project GCP/INT/628/UK, By Pandey, D. (unpublished) Rome.
Zola, A. 1999. Forestry Data on Angola. Country Report. En Proceedings of sub-regional workshop on forestry statistics SADC Region. Mutare, Zimbabwe, 30 November-4 December 1998, EC-FAO Partnership Programme (1998-2000) Luanda, Institute of Forestry Development.