Description of plantation resources
Civil war, which broke out in 1990, has damaged the country. The forestry sector is no longer a leader in economic growth. However, after the war, due to the need for reconstruction, the domestic demand for wood is predicted to increase (FDA, 1995).
Development of forest plantations
In 1963, Tarrietia utilis, Tectona grandis, Cedrela spp., Gmelina arborea and Pinus caribaea were introduced at the University.
Loggers started plantations in the early 1970s. Government plantations were started with World Food Programme and German assistance in 1972. Since 1975, several industrial plantation projects have been initiated (FAO, 1981).
Deforestation has reduced forest cover. To minimise deforestation, there is a need to implement an intensive plantation programme accompanied by enrichment planting in over-logged national forests and other degraded areas (FDA, 1995).
The main species is Hevea brasiliensis, comprising more than 90 percent of the plantation area. Other species include Gmelina arborea, Tectona grandis and Pinus spp. but compared with the area of Hevea brasiliensis, their percentage is small. There are some Cocos spp. plantations (Sayer and Collins, 1992).
FAO. 1981. Tropical Forest Resources Assessment Project, Forest resources of tropical Africa. Part II: Country briefs. Rome.
FAO. 1998. Forest plantation areas 1995. November 1997, revised July 1998, Report to the FAO project GCP/INT/628/UK. By Pandey. D. Rome.
FDA. 1995. Liberia National Progress Report, In Tenth session of African Forestry and Wildlife Commission, Sanbonani, Sudáfrica, 27 November-1 December. Monrovia, Forestry Development Authority.
IRSG. 1999. Rubber Statistical Bulletin, 53 (9) June 1999, London, International Rubber Study Group.
Sayer, J.A., Harcourt, C.S. & Collins N.M. 1992. The conservation atlas of tropical forests: Africa.