Data collection and analysis
As part of FAO's regular work programme, the Forestry Department collects and collates statistics at the global level on forest products and the forest industry. This exercise is carried-out each year in collaboration with other international agencies working in the area of forest statistics. The references and links below include the results of these surveys (databases and publications) and links to some of our partners working in this area. In addition, it includes some references to more general publications produced by FAO on the subject of forest statistics.
FAO forest products and forest industry statistics
FAOSTAT forestry databases
FAO holds a wide range of statistics about food, agriculture, forestry and fisheries in a collection of statistical databases called FAOSTAT. Forestry statistics are held in two databases, the ForesSTAT and the Forestry Trade Flows. The ForesSTAT database contains annual data on the production and trade in forest products from the year 1961 onwards. The production statistics are measured in quantity (volume or weight), while the trade statistics include total imports and exports for each country, measured in terms of quantity and value. The forest products covered by the database include: roundwood; sawnwood; wood-based panels; paper and paperboard; and pulp. The statistics for some of these product categories are also divided into species groups (e.g. coniferous and non-coniferous) and statistics are also available for more detailed forest product categories (e.g. in addition to wood-based panels, statistics are also available for veneer sheets, plywood, particleboard and fibreboard). The Forestry Tade Flows have been produced every year since 1997 and contain trade statistics (imports and export volumes and values) for all forest products. However, the trade statistics in this database are disaggregated, so that imports and exports between individual countries can be identified. The source of this data is the trade statistics collected each year by the United Nations Statistical Division (UNSD) for their COMTRADE database. When total imports and exports are calculated, this information is sometimes adjusted by FAO to take into account the information supplied by national forestry authorities and other official sources. Therefore, a balancing item is included in the bilateral trade matrices so that the total imports and exports shown there match the totals given for each country in the ForesSTAT database. Because of the different sources of these two sets of statistics, this balancing item is quite large for some countries. All of these statistics are available for every country in the world and a limited number of statistics can be downloaded from these databases in a variety of different formats. In addition, a complete set of the statistics can be obtained on CD-ROM.
Forestry statistical reports
In addition to the forestry databases described above, FAO also produces the Yearbook of Forest Products and Pulp and Paper Capacities Survey each year. The Yearbook of Forest Products is produced in five official languages (English, French, Spanish, Arabic and Chinese) and contains all of the statistics included in the ForesSTAT for the five most recent years. It contains a complete set of notes and descriptions of these statistics as well as a few summary tables that are not available in the Forest Products Database. Simplified versions of the Forestry Trade Flows are also included in this publication.
The Pulp and Paper Capacities Survey is produced in English, French and Spanish and presents statistics on pulp and paper capacity and production by country and by grade. The report is based on information submitted by correspondents from most of the major national pulp and paper associations or, in a few cases, individual paper companies. The report only includes information submitted to FAO (i.e. FAO does not attempt to estimate figures for countries that have not responded to the survey), so some of the aggregate statistics presented in the report must be treated with caution.
Copies of these documents can be downloaded from the links below.
General publications on forestry statistics produced by FAO
Links to other international agencies collecting forest products statistics
International Tropical Timber Organisation (ITTO)
The ITTO facilitates discussion, consultation and international co-operation on issues relating to the international trade and utilisation of tropical timber and the sustainable management of its resource base. One of the objectives of ITTO is to improve market intelligence with a view to ensuring greater transparency in the international timber market. This includes the gathering, compilation, and dissemination of trade related statistics, including statistics on trade by species. The Market Information section of ITTO's website includes copies of their Tropical Timber Market Reports, which are produced two times per month. These reports include statistics on forest product prices, production and trade, analyses of these statistics, plus other articles on the subject of market trends and marketing. A broader review of the markets for tropical forest products is produced each year (Annual Review and Assessment of the World Timber Situation) and can be found on the ITTO homepage.
Joint FAO-UNECE Forestry and Timber Section
FAO and the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) support a joint office (the Forestry and Timber Section) at the UNECE's offices in Geneva. The Forestry and Timber Section collects and analyses forestry statistics for the ECE Region (Europe, North America and the Commonwealth of Independent States). One of the activities of the Forestry and Timber Section is monitoring of Forest Products Markets, which follows and reports on timber markets in the ECE Region. Statistics on forest product production and trade are collected twice per year from member countries and analyses of these statistics are presented at a market discussion in the autumn each year. These analyses are then revised following the discussions and are presented with short-term forecasts in the following year. The Section's Forest Products Markets and Data and Statistics webpages contain all of the market related reports and statistics produced by the Forestry and Timber Section. Other reports on specific forest products markets (e.g. the markets for certified forest products) are also occasionally produced and are included on this webpage. Reports on other types of forestry statistics collected by the Timber Section (e.g. wood energy statistics) can also be found on the Forestry and Timber Section's homepage.