Community-based forest enterprise development
Community- Based Enterprise Development to support participatory natural resource management in Mozambique
DURATION: 2003 - 2007
PROJECT OBJECTIVES and DESCRIPTION: This project represents a follow-up phase to support the Community Forestry Unit of the National Directorate of Forest and Wildlife of Mozambique. One of the project’s objectives is to further disseminate participatory natural resource management in the country with special focus on the sustainable use of natural resources and on poverty reduction at the community level. Therefore, the project included a Market Analysis and Development component for community-based enterprise development activities.
The project has a strong emphasis on activities at the provincial level and aims to assist the national team in the development of an implementation strategy for the creation of capacity and opportunities for local communities in Nampula and Sofala provinces. The project’s ultimate objective is to help local communities to actively participate in forest and wildlife management and generate tangible benefits from sustainable practices.
PROJECT PARTNERS AND STAKEHOLDERS:
- The National Directorate of Forest and Wildlife of Mozambique
- Village communities
ACTIVITIES: The methodology utilised has been the Market Analysis and Development (MA&D). During the implementation of MA&D trainings, it was observed an interesting interaction between two of the project components. Both, the Monitoring and Evaluation System (SIPSA), aimed to monitor illegal harvest and commercialization of forest products at the village level, and the forest and tree community-based enterprise development were mutually supportive activities. The reason is that illegal harvesting and commercialization of forest products create unfair competition and negatively affect community-based enterprises profitability.
ACHIEVEMENTS AND OUTCOMES: Nampula province hosted a series of enterprise interest groups, such as carpentry and charcoal production. The three phases of the MA&D process were implemented: the Munchagalene carpentry group received support in preparation of its enterprise development plan. Enterprise development plans were developed for the charcoal enterprise and market surveys were conducted at district and provincial level for some of the selected products. The MA&D process were conducted with the Crusse women’s group in Matebane area. The products short-listed by the women’s group are fisheries products, beauty and hygiene products, tourism-realted services. The Nampula market was identified as a potential market for Mussiro and Tapathia local products selected by the women’s group.
The carpentry group has achieved spectacular results, thirteen apprentice were trained and earnings amounted to 10 million Mt. between November 2004 and May 2005 (1USD= Mt25.41). This group was also able to support the loggers group with 5.8 million Mt., it also shared 3 million Mt. among the interest groups, the rest of the earnings was reserved for the purchase of wood to support production.
Other activities, such as the control of illegal forest products in Nampula market, and the creation of strategic alliances to scale up implementation, were accomplished.
In Sofala province, main achievements involved the Mucombezi management committee constituted by three villages managing a total area of 29,000 hectares. The committee was formed by 12 members and the productive activities included charcoal production and carpentry. After the training on MA&D, the enterprise interest groups were supported to negotiate their business plans with other institutions to access initial capital. Furthermore, technical skills training were realized for the interest group members on improved and sustainable charcoal production. The interest group is beginning to gain significant income from the sale of charcoal at their local stall. This first experience confirmed their determination to go on, but it also showed them the limits of working in a competitive market environment.
RELATED LINKS AND DOCUMENTS: The MA&D Field Facilitators Guidelines have been translated into Portuguese.