Community-based forest enterprise development
Northern Savanna Biodiversity Conservation GEF Project
DURATION: 2006 - 2009
PROJECT OBJECTIVES and DESCRIPTION: Poverty is acute in the north of Ghana and has increased over the last decade. Deforestation and land degradation are extreme: the growing urban demand for charcoal and firewood encourages villagers to clear and convert trees and woodlands to generate income. Alternative opportunities for rural people to earn income are scarce, and income is vital to pay for basic survival needs and to cope with drought and other crises. Women are at the greatest disadvantage, being marginalised in both the distribution and management of land.
The project aims at strengthening capacities in Ghana on the development of small scale community-based tree and forest products enterprises using the Market Analysis and Development approach developed by FAO. It allows rural communities, and particularly women, to earn an income through the sustainable development of non-wood tree or forest products (NWFPs). These include fresh or processed fruits, seeds, leaves, flowers, oils, forest honey and traditional remedies.
To ensure a diversified rural enterprise portfolio, this project also recognizes the immense potentials of community-based tourism as an alternative livelihood activity for communities living around the biological corridors that are central to the resource conservation objectives of the NSBCP.
PROJECT PARTNERS AND STAKEHOLDERS:
- TREE AID, Government of Ghana’s Northern Savannah Biodiversity Conservation Project (NSBCP), and six local NGOs
- Rural communities living in the Northern Region of Ghana.
ACTIVITIES: The project has been implemented in the Northern Region of Ghana.
The core activities consisted in training the partner NGOs and 6 Government staff who jointly implemented the MA&D approach with 9 communities in 5 separate locations close to the main biological corridors under conservation measures.
ACHIEVEMENTS AND OUTCOMES:
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