Community-based forest enterprise development
Enterprise Development Assistance to Emerging Community‐based NTFP Enterprises (Forest Honey and Indigenous Crafts) in Northeast Cambodia
PROJECT OBJECTIVES AND DESCRIPTION: The sustainable management and value chain development of Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFPs) can provide holistic contributions to national interests, particularly better income for rural (especially forest resource‐dependent) communities, biodiversity conservation and capturing market niches for Cambodia‐made products.
The aim of this case study project was to establish functional community‐based (village and provincial‐based) NTFP enterprises (CBNEs) in Northeast Cambodia by providing adequate enterprise development support services and linkages. In particular, it was proposed to assist two CBNEs in their start‐up stages of enterprise development and intervene across the critical parameters of development, particularly in terms of defining and tapping the market, installation and strengthening of quality control, production and financial system of the enterprises. Through targeted enterprise development assistance within the case study period, the CBNEs were expected to reach the build‐up stage.
Fund support from the International Tropical Timber Organization (ITTO), with backstopping from FAO, was used to meet specific unbudgeted demands of the emerging CBNEs in Northeast Cambodia, namely CaNDO Craft Center (CCC) in Ratanakiri province and the Mondulkiri Wild Honey Network (MWHN). These CBNEs have been working in partnership with local, regional and international NGOs, namely Cambodian NTFP Development Organization (CaNDO), Non‐timber Forest Products Exchange Programme (NTFP‐EP, who is a network of NGOs and community based organizations in India, Philippines, Indonesia, Malaysia, Vietnam and Cambodia), and Worldwide Fund For Nature (WWF) since 2007.
PROJECT PARTNERS AND STAKEHOLDERS:
- Non-Timber Forest Products Exchange Programme for South and Southeast Asia (NTFP‐EP), Cambodian NTFP Development Organization (CaNDO), Worldwide Fund for Nature (WWF), Sahakreas CEDAC Ltd
- Mondulkiri Wild Honey Network, CaNDO Craft Center (CCC)
The NTFP‐EP delivered direct enterprise development assistance to its community based NTFP enterprise (CBNE) and NGO partners in Northeast Cambodia. The Mondulkiri Wild Honey Network (MWHN) and CaNDO Craft Center (CCC) were supported in business planning, marketing and promotions, product development and value‐addition, production improvements through tools and materials assistance, enterprise systems installation (especially quality control, costing, pricing and financial systems) and improvements. The two CBNEs were enabled with better enterprise skills, capacity and systems.
Presently, the enterprises are still on the cusp between start‐up and build‐up stages. However, demonstrated progress has been made along the parameters of enterprise development particularly in markets, product quality, product system and technology, staff skills, and in enterprise systems.
ACHIEVEMENTS AND OUTCOMES: The following specific results were achieved:
a) the development and operationalization of the Mondulkiri Wild business plan;
b) the drafting of the CCC business plan for 2010‐2012;
c) the market testing of CaNDO Craft product line;
d) the initiation of the domestic market positioning of Mondulkiri Wild as a community branded, pure, sustainably harvested, quality wild honey;
e) the installation of production and enterprise systems for CCC, and improvements in MWHN;
f) the establishment of market linkages and technical partnerships particularly with Sahakreas CEDAC around quality standards, and the preparation for installation and management of a simple processing and packaging facility in Phnom Penh.
In addition, NTFP‐EP local staff and partners are oriented in CBNE development and are beginning to build their capacity through coaching, training, and actual practice as service providers and community based enterprise facilitators.