Environment and forest utilization
Social impact assessment toolsSocial and biophysical impacts share many common features. They can vary in desirability, ranging from desirable to the adverse (the nature of the social impact); they vary in scale and in duration of time and space; they can vary in intensity or severity; there are differences in the degree to which both types of effects are likely to be cumulative, or at the other extreme, counterbalancing; the social equity or distribution of impacts across different populations has to be considered, and the impacts on vulnerable groups might need special attention. See United States Guidelines and principles for social impact assessment
The European Union has developed comprehensive guidelines for Social Impact Analysis in Forest Sector Development Co-operation
FAO, under its programme in support of participatory forestry, has produced a number of methodological tools for social assessment. See the Community Forestry Web siteand in particular the The community's toolbox: the idea, methods and tools for participatory assessment, monitoring and evaluation in community forestry
The Basic Assessment Guide for Human Well-being (BAG) of Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) is a manual designed for use to assess the sustainability of forest management. The assumption is that the well-being of people living in areas where commercial logging is underway (as well as the maintenance/enhancement of ecological functions) is critical to sustainable forest management.www.cifor.cgiar.org/acm/methods/toolbox5.html
Convention on Biological Diversity
Within the framework of Article 8(j) of the CBD (traditional knowledge, innovations and practices), draft guidelines have been prepared to ensure participation of indigenous and local communities, and inclusion of their traditional knowledge in cultural, environmental and social impact assessments.Draft guidelines or recommendations for the conduct of cultural, environmental and social impact assessments regarding developments proposed to take place on sacred sites and on lands and waters occupied or used by indigenous and local communities (UNEP/CBD/WG8J/2/6).
The Overseas Development Institute (ODI) has developed a methodology intended to provide a practical, cost-effective approach to assessing the impacts of a wildlife enterprise in terms of commercial viability, local economic, financial and livelihood impacts, impacts on other stakeholders and contribution to conservation.ODI- Handbook for assessing the economic and social impacts of wildlife enterprises. 2001.
Bibliographies on SIAwww.iaia.org/Databases/SIA_Database/SIA_interface.asp
last updated: Wednesday, November 9, 2005