Forest genetic resources
Exploration, collection and evaluation of forest genetic resources
FAO supports the exploration, conservation and better use of forest tree genetic variation, focusing on socio-economically important species for the dry and humid tropics. The great number of tree and shrub species, largely wild and undomesticated, makes it necessary to focus on certain species. Lists of priority species, by ecoregion, are continuously drawn up and updated. At the global level, activities have concentrated on Azadirachta indica (neem) and Acacia and Prosopis species, with increasing attention to native species. New biotechnological tools now provide additional ways to investigate and describe the genetic characteristics of forest trees, yielding information to support their conservation and breeding. FAO helps review developments in biotechnology from a global perspective.