Forest genetic resources
Forest reproductive materials
In forestry and agroforestry, seed and other reproductive materials of appropriate quantity and quality are obtained through the selection of adapted species and provenances. FAO has established a new Web site on forest reproductive materials to provide basic information about how to choose, procure and handle appropriate planting material, including regulations involved in moving seeds and germplasm. The site also presents a number of emerging issues, such as genetic modification and its application to forest trees. FAO collects global statistics on forest seed supply and demand, and it has also contributed to several international seed collection and exchange initiatives for the benefit of national institutions.
The issue of transgenic trees is also being addressed in the wider context of biosecurity (bioprotection) in forestry, which also covers issues pertaining to alien invasive species and genotypes, as well as forest protection. In partnership with Bioversity International (ex-IPGRI), technical guidelines for the safe movement of forest germplasm are being published.
FAO closely follows national and international developments regarding rights of access and benefit sharing, and raises awareness about the legal implications of property rights and the preparation of material transfer agreements in the forest sector.