The State of the World’s Forest Genetic Resources

Forests and trees enhance and protect landscapes, ecosystems and production systems. They provide goods and services which are essential to the survival and well-being of all humanity. Forest genetic resources – the heritable materials maintained within and among tree and other woody plant species that are of actual or potential economic, environmental, scientific or societal value – are essential for the continued productivity, services, adaptation and evolutionary processes of forests and trees.

This first volume of The State of the World’s Forest Genetic Resources constitutes a major step in building the information and knowledge base required for action towards better conservation and sustainable management of forest genetic resources at the national, regional and international levels.

Download the report
Summary and key findings
Press release
Global Plan of Action
Country reports




The publication was prepared based on information provided by 86 countries, outcomes from regional and subregional consultations and commissioned thematic studies. It includes:

  • an overview of definitions and concepts related to FGR and a review of their value;
  • a description of the main drivers of changes;
  • the presentation of key emerging technologies;
  • an analysis of the current status of FGR conservation, use and related developments;
  • recommendations addressing the challenges and needs.

Thematic study

Genetic considerations in ecosystem restoration using native tree species

This publication provides information and guidance to policymakers and practitioners on embedding genetic considerations into ecosystem restoration activities, highlighting the key role of native tree species. Genetic aspects are often overlooked both by restoration scientists and practitioners, yet are crucial to rebuilding resilient landscapes and ecosystems. The study was coordinated by Bioversity International as input to FAO’s first report on The State of the World’s Forest Genetic Resources.


last updated:  Tuesday, May 12, 2015