Financial and economic forces are major factors affecting the way that forests are managed. FAO's work on forest finance examines the way that forest policies and institutions can use these forces to improve forest management.
| | 24 February 2016
Private sector investment in sustainable forestry is growing, and is projected to increase further following the adoption of the Paris Agreement . This development will bring together investors, developing countries and local communities, many of whom will be unfamiliar with certain dynamics and potential challenges. Reducing all parties’ exposure to risks will be crucial, as a forthcoming workshop in Spain aims to show. Read more about the “Expert workshop on financial and institutional innovation for reducing the risks of private sector investment in sustainable forestry”, Solsona, Spain, 21–22 April 2016 in the workshop information note and about the overall initiative in the concept note. [more
| | 2 December 2015
Forests have roles to play beyond capturing and storing carbon for climate change mitigation, underlines a summary report issued by FAO today. ‘The Economics of Climate Change Mitigation Options in the Forest Sector: Summary Report’ provides key messages from an international online conference held in February 2015. The key messages from the conference highlight the viability of using sustainably produced wood as an alternative to fossil fuels under the right market conditions, as well as using wood to replace carbon emission intense products in building and packaging sectors. The report also calls for public policies, positive incentives and concerted efforts to tap the mitigation potential of forests and wood products. [more
Why is forest finance important?
Many of the world's forests are still managed primarily for the commercial production of goods and services. Yet, increased awareness, international conventions and globalization of markets are highlighting the importance of sustainable forest management to achieve broader development goals. Forest finance is important as it affects the feasibility of shifting from unsustainable to sustainable practices, the distribution of costs and benefits amongst different stakeholders, and consideration of the non-market costs and benefits of forests. Furthermore, the financial and economic implications of managing forests in different ways are important factors that influence the implementation of sustainable forest management.
Work on forest finance at FAO
FAO works on the topic of forest finance at a number of levels. At the national level, FAO provides technical guidance, tools and analyses on a wide range of issues, such as: financing mechanisms; forest valuation; economic analysis of forest policies; trends in costs and prices; and forest revenue systems. At the local level, this work includes: development of innovative financing instruments; cost-benefit analysis of forestry projects and policies; training and guidelines for economic appraisal; and the valuation of non-market goods and services from forests. This work is implemented as part of FAO's regular programme of activities as well as through field projects at the regional and country level.
These webpages present the results of two recent projects:
An assessment of the Latin America experience with financing mechanisms in support of sustainable forest management;
An examination of fiscal policies within the context of sustainable forest management and the implementation of national forest programmes in Africa.
They also present some tools, models, other studies and relevant links on the subject of forest economics and finance that may assist countries in the financial and economic analysis of the forest sector and in the development of financing strategies.