Select references relevant to Africa

Technical bulletins

Abraham, Y.J., Murphy, S.T. and Day, R.K. 1995. Dossier on Leucopis tapiae, a biological control agent for the pine woolly aphid, Pineus boerneri. (Versions for Kenya and rest of the region)

Anon. 1995. Dossier on Psyllaephagus yaseeni and Tamarixia leucaenae, biological control agents for leucaena psyllid, Heteropsylla cubana. International Institute of Biological Control, Kenya; Kenya Forestry Research Institute; Forest Health Management Centre, Kenya. 19 pp.

Anon. 1995. Biological control of conifer aphids, the solution to an important forestry problem. IIBC Brochure.

Chilima, C.Z., Day, R.K., Meke, G. Mutitu, K.E. and Abraham, Y.J. 1995. Sampling pine woolly aphids. Biological Control of Forest Aphids in Africa, Technical Bulletin Number 4. International Institute of Biological Control, Kenya. Pp. 31.

Chilima, C.G. 1994. Biological Control of Conifer Aphids in Malawi Phase 2. 8 pp. IIBC, KEFRI and FHMC (1995). Dossier on Psyllaephagus yaseeni and Tamarixia leucaenae, biological control agents for leucaena psyllid, Heteropsylla cubana

Day, R., Gichora, M., Atuahene, S. and Mutitu, E. 1993. Sampling cypress aphids. Biological Control of Forest Aphids in Africa, Technical Bulletin Number 2. International Institute of Biological Control, Kenya. 43 pp.

Mutitu, E., Day, R., Cross, A., Chege, P. and Lusele, M. 1993. Rearing cypress aphids. Biological Control of Forest Aphids in Africa, Technical Bulletin Number 1. International Institute of Biological Control, Kenya. 14 pp.

Mutitu, E., Day, R., Cross, A., Agano, J and Chilima, C. 1994. Rearing pine woolly aphids. Biological Control of Forest Aphids in Africa, Technical Bulletin Number 3. International Institute of Biological Control, Kenya. 15 pp.

Mutitu, K.E., Abraham, V.J., Day, R.K. 1996. Dossier on Tetraphleps raoi, a biological control agent for pine woolly aphid, Pineus boerneri

Workshop proceedings

Atuahene, S.K.N. 2001. The forest resources of Ghana and research on Hypsipyla robusta (Moore) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) control in mahogany plantations in ghana, Proceedings of an International Workshop, Kandy, Sri Lanka, August 1996, 58-62, Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, Canberra, Australia.

Forestry Research Institute of Ghana. 2000. Research advances in restoration of Iroko as a commercial species in West Africa, Editors: Cobbinah, J.R., Wagner, M.R., International Workshop Proceedings, 15-16 Nov. 2000. FORIG, Kumasi, Ghana. This document contains several relevant articles on Phytolyma lata in Africa.

Cobbinah, J.R., Wagner, M.R. 2000. Insect problems in plantation in the equatorial rain forests of Africa, Proceedings of XXI IUFRO Congress, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Day, R.K., Kedera,C.J. and Songa, W.A. 1999. Pest Risk Analysis for Improved Quarantine. Proceedings of the 2nd KARI Biennial Crop Protection Conference, Nairobi, Kenya 16-17 September 1998.

G. Keith Douce, David J. Moorhead, James D. Ward, Joe Mwangi, G. D. Hertel and C. T. Bargeron. 1999. Bugwood Africa: Using information technologies to address informational needs of forest and agroforestry integrated pest management in East Africa In J. Begus, ed. 1999. Proceedings of Symposium Working Under a Dynamic Framework-Forest Ownership Structures and Extension. International Union of Forestry Research Organizations, Extension Working Party S6.06-03. October 3-8, 1999. Bled, Slovenia, Europe.

Keith Douce, G., Ward, J.D., Mwangi, J., Moorhead, D.J. 1998. Utilizing emerging information technologies to improve communication and meet the IPM information needs of forestry/agroforestry practitioners in Africa. The Integrated Pest Management Communications Workshop for Eastern/Southern Africa Held At The International Centre for Insect Physiology and Ecology (ICIPE), Nairobi, Kenya - March 16, 1998.

Murphy, S.T. and Day, R.K. 1998. Biological control in tropical forest pest management: challenges and opportunities. pp. 26 In Saini, R.K. (Ed) Proceedings 3rd International Conference on Tropical Entomology, 30th Oct-4th Nov 1994.

Cobbinah, J.R. 1997. Pests and management of exotic and native species plantations in the humid forests of Tropical Africa, Proceedings of the 15th Commonwealth Forestry Conference held in Victoria Falls, Zimbabwe, 12-17 May 1997, Zimbabwe Forestry Commission.

Day, R.K. Gichora, M., Mutitu, K.E., Kamunya, S.M. 1997. Trial releases of Pauesia juniperorum in Kenya. Paper presented at a workshop on Status and Management of Forest Pests in Southern and Eastern Africa, Blantyre, Malawi, 15-28 April, 1997.

Allard, G.B.; Murphy, S.T.; Ciesla, W.M. (eds) 1996. Formation of an African Forest Pest Management Network (1995). Proceedings of a workshop held in Muguga, Kenya April 24-28th 1995. Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations.

Day, R.K., Gichora M., Mutitu, K., Rao, M.R. 1996. Integrated pest management in agroforestry: Challenges and opportunities. In: Mugah JO (ed) People and Institutional Participation in Agroforestry for Sustainable Development, pp 208-217, Kenya Forestry Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya.

Murphy, S.T. 1996. Status and impact of invasive conifer pests in Africa. pp 289 - 297 In K.S.S. Nair, J.K. Sharma and R.V. Varma (Eds). Impact of diseases and insect pests in tropical forests. Proceedings of the IUFRO symposium, Peechi, India, 23-26 November 1993.

Allard G.B., Kairo M.T.K. (eds) 1995. Biological Control of Conifer Aphids in Africa. Country Updates and Progress Reports 1991-1993. Proceedings of a seminar held at KEFRI Muguga on 6 December 1993. 82 pp.

Allard, G.B.; Murphy, S.T. 1995. The Biological Control of Conifer Aphids in Africa IIBC Regional Project. An overview. In Proceedings of a seminar held at KEFRI Muguga on 6 December 1993. Nairobi, Kenya; IIBC Kenya Station, pp. 17-20.

Allard, G.B. and Odera, J. 1995. Concept document for the formation of an eastern and southern Africa forest pest and disease management network. In Proceedings of Leucaena psyllid: a threat to Agroforestry in Africa. Workshop held in Dar es Salaam Tanzania 10-24 October 1994. pp. 210-214.

Allard, G.B., Murphy, S.M., Ciesla, W.M. & Mbagathi, S.M. (eds). 1995. Formation of an African Forest Pest Management Network - Workshop Proceedings. Muguga, Kenya, 24-28 April 1995. FAO, Rome, 90 pp.

Allard, G.B.; Murphy, S.T. and Day, R.K. 1995. African forest pest management programme: a regional approach. In Proceedings of the 10th Entomological Congress, Entomological Society of Southern Africa, 3-7 July 1995. 2 pp.

Allard, G.B.; Murphy, S.T.; Day, R.K. 1995. The International Institute of Biological Control's (IIBC) Regional Programme for Biological Control of Exotic Conifer Aphids in Africa. In Proceedings of Leucaena psyllid: a threat to Agroforestry in Africa. Workshop held in Dar es Salaam Tanzania 10-24 October 1994, pp. 195-201.

Day, R.; Hill, G.; Murphy, S.; Nyambo, B. 1995. Candidate agents for biological control of Leucaena psyllid in Africa. In Proceedings of Leucaena psyllid: a threat to Agroforestry in Africa. Workshop held in Dar es Salaam Tanzania 10-24 October 1994, pp. 169-191.

Day, R.K. 1995. The Biological Control of Conifer Aphids in Africa IIBC Regional Project. Technical Programme at the IIBC Kenya Station. In Proceedings of a seminar held at KEFRI Muguga on 6 December 1993, pp. 21-26.

Kairo, M.T.K.; Murphy, S.T. and Abraham, Y.J. 1995. Biological control of cypress aphid, Cinara cupressi (Homoptera: Aphididae) in Africa: the search for, evaluation and selection of exotic parasitoids. Voluntary paper presented at the IUFRO XX World Congress, 6-12 August 1995, Tampere, Finland.

Murphy, S.T. 1995. Forestry pest management: some general considerations for plantation forestry in the tropics. In G.B. Allard and M.T.K. Kairo (eds) Proceedings of a seminar held at KEFRI, Muguga on 6 December 1993. pp. 9-16.

Allard, G.B.; Day, R.K.; Murphy, S.T. and Mutitu, E.K. 1994. Biological control of conifer aphids in Africa. Poster presented at the 3rd International Conference on Tropical Entomology, Nairobi, Kenya, 30 October-4 November 1994.

Allard, G.B.; Murphy, S.T. and Day, R.K. 1994. The International Institute of Biological Control's involvement in forestry pest management capacity and network building in Africa. Paper presented at the International Foundation of Science and African Academy of Sciences International Symposium on Supporting Capacity Building in Forestry Research in Africa ICRAF, Nairobi, Kenya 28 June-1 July 1994.

Nshubemuki, L. (ed.) 1994. Leucaena psyllid: a threat to agroforestry in Africa. Proceedings of a workshop, Dar-es-Salaam, United Republic of Tanzania, 10-24 October 1994 FAO, Rome, Tanzania Forestry Research Institute, Morogoro, Tanzania.

Carter, C. and Watson, G.W. 1991. The ecology of conifer aphids and its bearing on forest establishment and its productivity: a crisis in African forestry. Kenya Forestry Research Institute, Muguga, Kenya, 3-6 June 1991. Rome; Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations. pp. 23-32.

Murphy, S.T.; Abraham, Y.J. and Cross, A.E. 1991. Ecology and economic importance of the aphid pests, Pineus sp. and Eulachnus rileyiin exotic pine plantations in southern and eastern Africa. In Proceedings of a workshop, exotic aphid pests of conifers: a crisis in African forestry. Kenya Forestry Research Institute, Muguga, Kenya, 3-6 June 1991. Rome; Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations. pp. 48-53.

Murphy, S.T.; Abraham, Y.J. and Cross, A.E. 1991. Prospects for the biological control of exotic forest aphid pests in southern and eastern Africa. In Proceedings of a workshop, exotic aphid pests of conifers: a crisis in African forestry. Kenya Forestry Research Institute, Muguga, Kenya, 3-6 June 1991. Rome; Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. pp. 124-132.

Newsletters

Mutitu, K.E., Mukirae, K. 2004. Blue gum chalcid a potential pest threat, tree Biotech, A newsletter of the Tree Biotechnology Project, Vol. 2 Issue 2. Kenya.

Tree Pest Management Network Newsletter. May 2002. Special Issue, USDA Forest Service, Nairobi, Kenya.

Forestry Pest Management, A Newsletter for Eastern and Southern Africa. No 1 (Dec 1993); No 2 (Sept 1994); No 3 (Feb 1995).

Articles

Hurley, B.P., Slippers, B. & Wingfield, M.J. 2007. A comparison of control results for the alien invasive woodwasp, Sirex noctilio, in the southern hemisphere. Agricultural and Forest Entomology, 9: 159-171.

United Nations Environment Programme (Content Partner); Mark McGinley (Topic Editor). 2007. Invasive alien species in Africa: Developing effective responses. In: C.J. Cleveland, ed. Encyclopedia of Earth. Washington, D.C., Environmental Information Coalition, National Council for Science and the Environment. First published April 2, 2007; Last revised April 13, 2007

Alemu Gezahgne, A., Cortinas, M., Wingfield, M.J. & Roux, J. 2005. Characterisation of the Coniothyrium stem canker pathogen on Eucalyptus camaldulensis in Ethiopia. Australasian Plant Pathology, 34(1): 85-90.

Gebeyehu, S., Hurley, B.P. & Wingfield, M.J. 2005. A new lepidopteran insect pest discovered on commercially grown Eucalyptus nitens in South Africa. South African Journal of Science, 101: 26-28.

Roux, J., van Wyk, M., Hatting, H. & Wingfield, M.J. 2004. Ceratocystis species infecting stem wounds on Eucalyptus grandis in South Africa. Plant Pathology, 53(4): 414-421.

Day, R.K., Kairo, M.T.K., Abraham, Y.J., Kfir, R., Murphy, S.T., Mutitu, K.E. and Chilima, C.Z. 2003. Biological Control of Homopteran Pests of Conifers in Africa. In: Biological Control in IPM Systems in Africa (eds P. Neuenschwander, C. Borgemeister and J. Langewald). © CAB International 2003. pp 101 - 112.

Day, R.K. Kairo, M.T.K., Abraham, Y.J., Kfir, R., Murphy, S.T., Mutitu, K.E. and Chilima, C.Z. 2003. Biological control of Homopteran Pests of Conifers in Africa. pp. 101-112 in Neuenschwander, P., Borgemeister, C. and Langewald, J. (Eds) Biological Control in IPM Systems in Africa. CAB International, Wallingford.

Akanbi, M.O., Ashiru, M.O. & Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria. 2002. A Handbook of forest and wood insects of Nigeria, Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria and Agbo Areo Publishers, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Langewald, J. Mitchell, J.D., Maniania, N.K., and Kooyman, C. 2003. Microbial Control of Termites in Africa. In: Biological Control in IPM Systems in Africa (eds P. Neuenschwander, C. Borgemeister and J. Langewald). © CAB International 2003. pp 227 - 242.

Burgess, T., Wingfield, M.J. 2001. Exotic pine forestry in the Southern Hemisphere: a brief history of establishment and quarantine practices, CABI.

Wingfield, M.J. and Day, R.K. 2001. Risk of exotic forest pests - Continental overview for sub-Saharan Africa. In Risks of Exotic Pests and their Impact on Trade. International on-line workshop.

Rao, M.R., Singh, M.P., Day, R.K. 2000. Insect pest problems in tropical agroforestry systems: Contributory factors and opportunities for management. Agroforestry Systems 50, 243-277.

Kamunya, S.M., Olng¿otie, P.S., Chagala, E., Day, R.K., and Kipkore, W.K. 1999. Genetic variation and heritability of resistance to Cinara cupressi (Buckton) in Cupressus lusitanica (Miller). Journal of Tropical Forest Science. 11, 587-598.

Mwanza, E. J. M., Waithaka, S. K., Mibey, R. K., Karuiki, G. and Simons, S. A. 1999. First report of Colletotrichum gloeosporides as a foliar and dieback pathogen of Prunus africana in Kenya. Plant Disease, 83: 79.

Oduor G.I. 1999. Biological Pest Control and Invasives. In: Invasive Species and Biodiversity Management (eds Odd Terje Sandlund, Peter John Schei and Åslaug Viken). Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht. pp 305-321.

Watson, G.W., Voegtlin, D.J., Murphy, S.T. and Foottit, R.G. 1999. Biogeography of the Cinara cupressi complex (Homoptera: Aphididae) on Cupressaceae, with description of a pest species introduced to Africa. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 89: 271-283.

Day, R.K. and Murphy, S.T. 1998. Pest Management in Tropical Agroforestry: Prevention rather than Cure. Agroforestry Forum, 9: 11-14.

Cobbinah, J.R. 1997. The occurence and integrated approaches for managing the gall forming psyllid, Phytolyma spp., IUFRO News 7.03.02.

Kamunya, S.M., Day, R.K., Chagala, E and Olng¿otie, P.S. 1997. Variation and inheritance of resistance to cypress aphid Cinara cupressi (Buckton) in Cupressus lusitanica (Miller). Annals of Applied Biology, 130, 27-36.

Murphy, S.T. and Völkl 1996. Population dynamics and foraging behaviour of Diaretus leucopterus (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), and its potential for the biological control of pine damaging Eulachnus spp (Homoptera: Aphididae). Bulletin of Entomological Research 86, 397-405.

CABI. 1995. Protecting Africa's trees. Status, needs and actions for pest management in Africa forestry.

Cobbinah, J.R., Wagner, M.R. 1995. Phenotypic variation in Milicia excelsa to attack by Phytolyma lata (Psyllidae), Forest Ecology and Management, 75(1-3): 147-153, Elsevier Science BV, Netherlands.

Day, R.K., Hill, M.G., Murphy, S.T. and Nyambo, B. 1995. Candidate agents for biological control of leucaena psyllid in Africa. pp. 169-189 in W.M. Ciesla and L. Nshubemuki (eds) Leucaena psyllid: a threat to agroforestry in Africa. FAO, Rome.

Memmott, J.; Day, R.K. and Godfray, H.C.J. 1995. Intraspecific variation in food plant quality: Cinara cupressi on Cupressus lusitanica. Ecological Entomology 20, 153-158.

Murphy, S.T.; Chilima, C.Z.; Cross, A.E.; Abraham, Y.J.; Kairo, M.T.K.; Allard, G.B. and Day, R.K. 1994. Exotic conifer aphids in Africa: ecology and biological control. pp 233-242 in S.R. Leather, A.D. Watt, N.J. Mills, K.F.A. Walters (eds) Individuals, populations and patterns in ecology. Intercept, Andover, UK.

Orondo, S.B.O. and Day, R.K. 1994. Cypress aphid (Cinara cupressi) damage to a cypress seed stand in Kenya. International Journal of Pest Management 40, 141-144.

Abraham, Y.J. and Murphy, S.T. 1993. Assessment of natural enemy impact on the European pine woolly aphid Pineus pini (Adelgidae). In J.M. Rabasse (ed) Aphidophaga 5. Abstracts. INRA/IOBC. p. 49.

Atuahene, S. K. N, Chilima, C.Z. 1993. Aspects of the biology and ecology of Cinara cupressi (Buckton) (Homoptera Lachinidae) an introduced conifer pest in Malawi. Forestry Research Institute of Malawi, Zomba. (FRIM Report No. 93001)

Atuahene, S. K. N, Chilima, C.Z. 1993. Efficacy of Marshal Suscon (Carbrosulfan 10% CRG), oftanol (Isofenphos) and Durban (Chlorprifos) as insecticides control of termites in forestry in Malawi, Forestry Research Institute of Malawi, Zomba.

Atuahene, S. K. N. 1992. Exotic insect pests of forestry in Malawi, their damage and control, Forestry Research Institute of Malawi, Zomba (FRIM Report No. 92007).

Chilima, C. Z. 1991. Results of a trial on the control of termites in Eucalyptus plantations using controlled release insecticides, Forestry Research Institute of Malawi, Zomba. (FRIM report No. 91001)

Akanbi, M.O. 1975. The description of the mature larva of Tridesmodes ramiculata Warren (Lepidoptera: Thyrididae), Nigerian Journal of Entomology, 1: 2, 125-132, Nigeria.

Reports

Publications of the Tree Protection Co-operative programme 2002-2003, Forestry and Agricultural Biotechnology Institute, Pretoria, South Africa.

Boa, E. 2000. Tree Health and Agroforestry; research demand, needs and strategies. Final Technical Report. Crop Protection Programme, DFID.

Ciesla, W.M., Nordin, V.J. 1995. Biological control of aphids project. External review-Project phase 1. Technical Report, IIBC, Kenya.

Allard, G.B. 1993. Report on an Advisory Mission to FRIM 18/8-29/8/93. ODA Consultancy on behalf of the IIBC/FRIM/ODA programme for Malawi. 16 pp.

Kairo, M.T.K., Murphy, S.T. 1993. The ecology and host specificity of Pauesia juniperorum and the potential for its use as biological control agent for the cypress aphid, Cinara cupressi, Technical Report, IIBC.

Allard, G.B. 1992. Forestry pest management in Africa, with emphasis on the Regional Biological Control of Exotic Forest Aphids Programme.

Murphy, S.T.; Kairo, M.T.K. and Owour, A. 1992. Report on surveys in the USA for natural enemies of Cinara cupressi, C. sabinae and C. canadensis for the control of C. cupressi in Kenya. Period 1/9/91-31/10/92. AFO/IIBC Contract No TCP/KEN/158(E). 27 pp.

Cross, A.E., Murphy, S.T., Abraham, Y.J. & Waston, G.W. 1991. Biological control of forest aphids in Malawi. Annual Report No. 1 March 1991-March 1992. IIBC Report.

News articles

Cambray, G. 2006. A river ran through it. Science in Africa, March 2006.