Forest monitoring and assessment
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Overview - Perú
Peru is home to the second largest forests in Latin America and the ninth in the world. Its forests cover 52.3% of the national territory (66 million hectares) and boast a vast biodiversity. Peru’s forests are a source of natural resources, water, plants and nourishment and are the habitat of indigenous villages. They are guardians of an immense biodiversity, fundamental to the climate change mitigation.
In short, they are necessary for the sustainability and the development of the country economy. Thus the “National Forest Inventory and the Peruvian Sustainable Forestry Management in a Climate Change” project has emerged, propelled by the Peruvian ministries of Agriculture and Environment with the support of FAO and the Government of Finland. The project is composed of a multipurpose inventory, that is, an integrated study of the forests, including state and valuation of forests, deforestation, forests degradation, carbon sequestration and emissions, biodiversity and socioeconomic relationship of forests in efforts to protect the quality of life of the current and future generations.
In celebration of the “International Day of Forests” on March 21, the National Forest Inventory (INF) fieldwork began in the farming community of “José Ignacio Távara Pasapera” in Chulucanas, district of Piura Region. The ministers of Agriculture and the Environment, the President of the Regional Government of Piura, representatives of FAO, members of the community, students and the media, all participated in the event.
The purpose of the NFI is to provide reliable and continued information about the forests and its resources aiming to improve its ecological, social and economic sustainability and the means of rural life. The project will cover whole territory of Peru, spanning approximately 2,000 measuring plots to be completed in 5 years, that is, 20% of these plots per year located within 6 ecozones: Amazonian low forest; Amazonian high forest accessible; Amazonian high forest with difficult accessibility; Hydromorphic zone; Coast and Highlands.
The data obtained will be available to the government for decision making and policy formulation in support of the sustainable forest management, REDD+ strategy, conservation of the biological diversity, among others.
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