Integrated coastal area management and forestry
Integrated coastal area management (ICAM) and Forestry
Approximately 25 percent of the world's population live in coastal areas and most of the largest urban concentrations are on the coast. The coastal urban population is expected to almost double in the next 20 to 30 years. Unless appropriate action is taken by governments and users of coastal resources, population pressure and associated levels of economic activity will further increase the overexploitation of coastal resources and environmental degradation of many coastal habitats. In many developing countries, this trend is further exacerbated by widespread extreme poverty and unemployment. Conflict often arises from competing and antagonistic uses of resources, or from the displacement of traditional users of coastal resources by new economic activities.
Integrated coastal area management (ICAM) offers a means of balancing the competing demands of different users of the same resources. It also assists in managing these resources to optimize the benefits to be derived on a sustainable basis that are consistent with a country's goals.