Why mountains matter for Africa
African mountains are highly vulnerable water towers and breadbaskets for the lowlands. In the uncertainty created by climate change, high population growth and land-use change, urgent policy action is needed.
Why mountains matter for North America
North America’s mountains are a primary source of fresh water and other natural resources. They contribute to revenues generation through recreation and tourism industry, besides providing solace and spiritual connection. But a warming climate, human encroachment, and some business practices present severe challenges.
Why mountains of the Middle east and North Africa matter
Mountains of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region provide goods and key ecosystem services that are vital for the sustainable development. Though, urban expansion and environmental changes are causing increasing pressure.
Why the Alps matter
With a population of 14 million people spread over eight countries, the Alps play many important roles for Europe. The economy is based on a symbiosis among tourism, services, industry, electricity generation, and agriculture, but the territory presents great disparities in terms of population, unemployment, economic density and GDP.
Why mountains matter in global sustainable development
Mountains provide vital goods and services for the benefit of all humankind, for supporting sustainable development at a global level, and for moving the world towards a greener economy. Since the provision of these goods and services is at risk, the global community must act.
Why the Andes matter
Covering 33% of the area of the Andean countries, these mountains are vital for the livelihoods of the population and the countries’ economies. However, growing population, changes in land use, unsustainable exploitation of resources, and climate change, could have far-reaching negative impacts on the ecosystem.
Why the Central Asian mountains matter
The Central Asian mountains provide an astonishing array of globally essential ecosystem goods and services: forest products, land for food production, watershed protection, habitat for flora and fauna of global significance, regulation of natural hazards and climate, natural areas for leisure activities, storage and release of water.
Why mountains matter for Central, Eastern and South-Eastern Europe
Being natural barriers and safe havens for people, flora and fauna, these mountains have always played a key social, economic and environmental role. Given a tight highland-lowland linkage, the global changes threatening them may have serious impacts far beyond the mountain boundaries.
Why the Hindu Kush Himalaya matters
It is the source of 10 major river systems and provides a vital ecosystem to 1.4 billion people. The region includes 4 global biodiversity hotspots, 488 protected areas, 330 bird areas, and 60 global eco-regions. However, it is also home to more than 40% of the world’s poor people and faces extreme vulnerability and risks due to climate change.
Why mountains of the Southeast Asia and Pacific region matter
They spread across countries hosting one of the world’s highest and most severely threatened biodiversity. Even though indigenous peoples developed skills in protecting the tropical mountain ecosystems, policies ignored them and resources have been expropriated, so that mountain people marginalization and vulnerability has increased.