Exclusive mangrove species

Species restricted to the mangrove habitat according to Saenger et al. (1983)

Image Bruguiera gymnorrhiza

Bruguiera gymnorrhiza

Image Ceriops decandra

Ceriops decandra

Species Life-form
Acanthus ebracteatus Vahl. Shrub
Acanthus ilicifolius L. Shrub
Acanthus volubilis Wall. Shrub
Aegialitis annulata R.Br. Shrub
Aegialitis rotundifolia Roxb. Shrub
Aegiceras corniculatum (L.) Blanco Shrub
Avicennia alba Blume Tree
Avicennia bicolor Standl. Tree
Avicennia eucalyptifolia Zipp. Ex Miq. Tree
Avicennia germinans L. Tree
Avicennia intermedia Griff. Tree
Avicennia lanata Ridley Tree
Avicennia marina (Forsk.) Vierh. Tree
Avicennia officinalis L. Tree
Avicennia rumphiana Hall.f. Tree
Avicennia tomentosa Willd. Tree
Avicennia tonduzii Moldenke Tree
Bruguiera cylindrica (L.) Blume Tree
Bruguiera exaristata Ding Hou Tree
Bruguiera gymnorrhiza (L.) Lam. Tree
Bruguiera hainesii C.G. Rogers Tree
Bruguiera parviflora (Roxb.) Wight & Arn. Tree
Bruguiera sexangula (Lour.) Poiret Tree
Camptostemon philippinensis (Vidal) Becc. Tree
Camptostemon schultzii Mast. Tree
Ceriops decandra (Griff.) Dong Hou Tree
Ceriops tagal (Perr.) C.B. Robinson Tree
Conocarpus erectus L. Tree
Cynometra iripa Kostel Tree
Cynometra ramiflora L. Tree
Excoecaria agallocha L. Tree
Heritiera fomes Buch.-Ham. Tree
Heritiera littoralis Aiton ex Dryander Tree
Kandelia candel (L.) Druce Tree
Laguncularia racemosa Gaertn.f. Tree
Lumnitzera littorea (Jack) Voigt. Shrub/Tree
Luminitzera racemosa Willd. Shrub/Tree
Nypa fruticans van Wurmb. Palm
Osbornia octodonta F. Muell. Shrub
Pelliciera rhizophorae Planchon & Triana Tree
Phoenix paludosa Roxb. Palm
Rhizophora apiculata Blume Tree
Rhizophora X harrisonii Leechman Tree
Rhizophora x lamarckii Montr. Tree
Rhizophora mangle L. Tree
Rhizophora mucronata Lam. Tree
Rhizophora racemosa Meyer Tree
Rhizophora x selala (Salvoza) Tomlinson Tree
Rhizophora stylosa Griff. Tree
Scyphiphora hydrophyllacea Gaertn. Shrub
Sonneratia alba J.Smith Tree
Sonneratia apetala Buch.-Ham. Tree
Sonneratia caseolaris (L.) Engl. Tree
Sonneratia griffithii Kurz Tree
Sonneratia ovata Backer Tree
Xylocarpus australasicus Ridley Tree
Xylocarpus gangeticus Parkinson Tree
Xylocarpus granatum Koenig Tree
Xylocarpus moluccensis (Lamk.) Roem. Tree
Xylocarpus parvifolius Ridley Tree


References
Saenger, P., Hegerl, E.J. & Davie, J.D.S. 1983. Global status of mangrove ecosystems. Commission on ecology papers No. 3. Gland, Switzerland, IUCN.

last updated:  Saturday, May 14, 2005