Training modules: "Nfp's for All"

Capacity building initiative

The objective of the "Nfp's for All" initiative is to increase the capacity of stakeholders for the joint development and implementation of country-led nfp processes.

The Introductory Training Module and the concept for thematic modules was initially created jointly by GTZ, Wageningen, FAO and the NFP Facility.

Thematic training modules are being developed in close collaboration with the potential users and are also being tested and validated in interested countries. In this way, specific modules are gradually identified, developed and added to the package, to support countries in areas where they may face difficulties.

Introductory Training Module

The  ITM is designed to support the launching workshop for countries initiating a nfp process or willing to improve an on-going one. The workshop focuses on the nfp concept and the guiding principles of nfps and places the nfp process into the wider context of the international forest dialogue and its recommendations. The workshop provides this kind of information drawing on the origins of the nfp concept and its position within the overall discussion on sustainable development.

The proposed workshop structure and the materials is highly flexible and adaptable to a specific country's conditions. The workshop is intended to be be country-led and should follow the nfp principles of being participatory and integrating sectors and stakeholders outside forestry.

The package material can be found on the website on nfps.

Collaborative conflict management - Training Module

Relevance and Context

Achieving sustainable forest management and poverty alleviation are enormous tasks which will only be achieved in a concerted effort by many actors. National forest programs therefore rightly call for a cross-sectoral and decentralised approach to address forest issues in a wider policy context.

However, actors as different as government agencies in-and outside the forest administration, civil society, forest users and the private sector tend to have multiple and often divergent interests on forest management and conservation and they also differ in terms of power to influence decisions. Emerging tensions and conflicts are a normal part of forest policy making and not necessarily negative.

How people handle disagreements, conflicts and disputes is what truly matters. Managing and resolving disputes in a participatory and consensual manner can strengthen national forest programs. But ignored or unjustly handled conflicts always have the potential of becoming intractable, putting national forest programme (nfp) processes at risk and often results in increased levels of deforestation and poverty. 

Management and resolution of disputes in a participatory and consensual manner is therefore an increasingly important task for all those who are supporting or being involved in nfp processes. 

This training course provides participants with an understanding of the basic principles, skills and techniques used to overcome difficult situations and to find solutions that a broad spectrum of people can support. Participants increase their knowledge and skills in analyzing complex conflict situations, develop strategies to manage conflict and, learn from a variety of conflict management techniques in order to negotiate and build agreements. 


The overall objective of the training course is to expand and strengthen the capacity of nfp stakeholders to resolve differences and build consensus agreements.

More specifically the course aims to:

  • Increase participants' understanding and knowledge about conflicts, why they arise in a nfp context and how they can be effectively prevented;
  • Provide skills, tools and processes for analyzing conflict situations in nfps;
  • Inform about different procedures for resolving disputes and their inherent strengths and weaknesses so that participants are able to make informed decisions;
  • Explore principles and requirements for meaningful consultation with multiple stakeholders and the tools and techniques that can be used for this purpose, thereby leading to better policy processes and outcomes;
  • Enhance participants' understanding of the principles and process of consensual negotiation and its scope of application;
  • Increase participants' understanding of the role of a third party (facilitator / mediator) and how a facilitator / mediator can assist consensual negotiations;
  • Improve participants' current skills in joint decision-making and joint problem-solving through practise;
  • Apply the analytical concepts and tools presented in the course to particular problems that participants bring with them to the course.

Enhancing Participation in nfps - Training Module

The nfp concept, as endorsed by the IPF/IFF/UNFF, includes 'partnership' and 'participation' in its core principles, yet there are limited practical skills and related reference materials specific to nfps to support those driving nfps and key stakeholders involved to help make them more practically and meaningfully participatory.

This training module has thus been developed with the following aims: to enhance the capacity of nfp coordinators, committees and key stakeholders in the practical application of interdependent principles of 'process' and 'participation' for enhancement of country-led participatory nfp processes.

More specifically

  • To increase understanding and appreciation of the rationale and conceptual aspects of participatory nfp processes.
  • To enhance skills and provide methods for more effective participation of key stakeholders in the analysis, policy formulation, implementation and M&E phases of the nfp process, including skills on adapting methods to national and local purposes and contexts.
  • To provide a clear user friendly and practice tested facilitators' manual that can be used by facilitators to guide the conduct of further trainings.

If situation enables and there is an expressed need, to contribute to building the capacity of the host organisation of the trainings in Africa in participatory nfp process related trainings.

The training is designed to build on existing/planned work of participants and the country at large, rather than duplicate and create new work. It is run in a workshop format rather than as a traditional training. Facilitating lesson learning and critical analysis and debate are always encouraged. It is recognised by FAO that the principles of participation are already being practiced in many nfps, and this training is designed to draw on in-country skills and experience, enable reflection on existing practice as well as introduce skills and methods that have proved effective in other countries.

As part of encouraging information sharing, the workshop participants are expected to prepare a brief analysis of the nfp/forestry sector context from their perspective before the training, which should take stock of lessons learned and identify potential challenges and opportunities to enhancing stakeholder participation.

In addition to the training, a set of Reference materials on How to Make nfps work through participation has been developed by FAO. These provide guidance and support for participants during and after the trainings.

The new  publication on Tools for Practitioners is available here. 

Financial mechanisms for nfp - Training Module

This training module builds on experiences generated in various countries around the world and aims to help national institutions to develop comprehensive national financing strategies as an element of their national forest programmes.

This training workshop can be seen as an initial step to bring together stakeholders that are relatively new and probably unfamiliar to each other. This workshop should thus help establish new networks and assist in creating some common understanding about conventional and innovative ways to finance forest management, be it through plantations or conservation, with community involvement or through private enterprise. 

The package material can be found on the website on nfps.

last updated:  Tuesday, September 14, 2010