National Forest Programme
NFPs and the Forest Instrument (NLBI)
In May 2007, the United Nations Forum on Forests (UNFF) adopted the Non-legally Binding Instrument on All Types of Forests (NLBI), commonly known as the “Forest Instrument”. The adoption of the Forest Instrument proved an important step in promoting sustainable forest management globally. The Member States of the UN agreed on a series of policies and measures at the international and national levels to strengthen forest governance, technical and institutional capacity, policy and legal frameworks, forest sector investment and stakeholder participation, within the framework of national forest programmes (NFPs).
At country level, the NFPs should be the basis for NLBI implementation because they take into account the specific features of a particular country or region on “how” to implement SFM. Moreover, the NLBI can be a powerful tool to strengthen the NFPs or similar national forest policy processes and to reinforce its implementation consistent with international obligations. The NLBI also can support efforts to reduce deforestation and forest degradation and enhance coordination among various forest-related policy processes.
Monitoring and implementation are crucial elements of NLBI implementation. In order to support this aspect, FAO has published a training module and a guide for establishing a monitoring and evaluation system for the NLBI. In addition, FAO and the NFP Facility support the implementation of the Forest Instrument by building country capacity for NFP implementation as well as by providing technical support to pilot implementation of, and reporting on, the NLBI.
In November 2013, FAO issued a new publication called Implementing the Non-legally Binding Instrument on All Types of Forests, compiling experiences gained through pilot countries from different regions for implementation of the NLBI.
Implementing the Forest Instrument - experiences from Asian countries
During the 25th Asia Pacfic Forestry Commission in November 2013, a side event was organized by FAO. Representatives of pilot countries in Asia provided their perspectives on the significance of the instrument for their countries and discussed their experiences with implementation.
Implementing the Forest Instrument - experiences from pilot countries
At UNFF 10 in Istanbul in April 2013, a side event was organized by FAO. Representatives from four pilot countries (India, Liberia, Philippines and Nicaragua) shared their experiences in implementation, with technical support by FAO.