Smallholder Timber: Sustaining Livelihoods and Biodiversity
Trees on farms have long been recognized as protecting and often enhancing soil fertility, assisting in soil and water conservation and proving fodder, fuelwood and construction materials for rural households. They also help maintain biological diversity and enhance the landscape. In addition, commercial production of timber on farms in the tropics, either as scattered tress or as small scale woodlands have the potential of being an important element of farm livelihoods. Approximately 25 percent of the worlds planted forests are owned or managed by smallholders, it is indicated that this proportion is likely to rise in the future. However, smallholder production is poorly recorded in forest cover statistics and hence also largely unrecognized and poorly understood by the forest sector.
This multi-media presentation, drawing in particular on the experiences from the continents of Africa, S.E. Asia and Latin America, using three smallholder timber producers' stories to indicate the potential of farm level timber production, considers key issues at the landscape and household scale:
- the potential of farm-level timber to enhance farm livelihoods;
- species selection and germplasm access;
- management of farm tree resources;
- market, value addition, and marketing chains to support farm-level timber production; and
- transparency in legislation, farmers¿ rights, and support to small owners, and small scale wood enterprises