Global survey of forestry outgrower schemes
A study was commissioned by FAO in 2000 to assess the extent and main characteristics of forestry outgrower schemes globally and to identify the issues influencing the effectiveness of such schemes. Information was gathered from a literature review and a postal survey of forest industry staff who manage outgrower schemes in Brazil, Colombia, Ghana, India, Indonesia, New Zealand, Portugal, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Vanuatu and Zimbabwe.
The results of the study provide a broad overview of forestry outgrower schemes in operation worldwide, with an emphasis on developing countries, and emphasize the need for clear mechanisms for mutually beneficial partnerships between tree growers and private industry. The results are presented in the report available below in both English and Spanish.Global Survey and Analytical Framework for Forestry Outgrower Arrangements
Encuesta Mundial y Marco Analítico de Acuerdos de Pequeñas Plantaciones Forestales
Towards Equitable Partnerships between Corporate and Smallholder Partners. FAO/CIFOR Workshop, Bogor, Indonesia, 21-23 May 2002
A meeting jointly hosted by the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) and FAO was held from 21-23 May 2002 in Bogor, Indonesia to develop a joint proposal for an action learning programme based on guidelines for best practices drawn from various research initiatives. Participants included representatives from the government, research and extension agencies, national and international private companies and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) from Indonesia and South Africa.
Guidelines aimed at facilitating the transparency of negotiations and the development of mutually beneficial partnerships in production forestry were developed at this meeting. These guidelines focus on the operational level, specifically on the forest management unit of small-scale plantations. The proceedings of the meeting, including these guidelines, are now available in the link below.Equitable Partnerships between Corporate and Smallholder Partners: Relating partnerships to social, economic and environmental indicators
Participants at the CIFOR/FAO meeting, 21-23 May 2002, Bogor, Indonesia (Photo: R. Mack, Lima Rural Development).
Participatory action learning and research jointly conducted by farm foresters, private companies, research and extension agencies, NGOs, and governments linked closely to sustainable plantation forest management criteria and indicators can lead to models of sustainable development in the forest sector. Using this approach, issues of social justice and ecological sustainability are addressed.
The necessity of multistakeholder negotiation and dialogue increases as greater initiatives are being created by the private sector. However, there has been no systematic assessment guidelines or checklists to assist companies or farm foresters when entering into production forestry partnerships. Many partnerships failed in the past due to lack of transparency and accountability in the process of setting up an agreement. The key to sustaining partnerships in the long term is by ensuring mutually beneficial partnerships for concerned parties involved (company and farm foresters, private forest associations, community).