Planted forests are composed of trees established through planting and/or through deliberate seeding of native or introduced species. Establishment is either through afforestation on land which has not carried forest within living memory or by reforestation of previously forested land.

Planted forests comprise the planted component within semi-natural forests and forest plantations for productive and protective purposes. The logic of the newly applied grouping is that the planted component of semi-natural forest, with similar establishment patterns and intensive silvicultural treatments, is not materially different from forest plantations. The scope of planted forests in the continuum of forest types is outlined in the table below.

Scope and concept of planted forests

Natural forest Planted Forests
regenerated forests
Forest of native species, where there are no clearly visible indications of human activities and the ecological processes are not significantly disturbedForest of naturally regenerated native species where there are clearly visible indications of human activitiesAssisted natural regeneration through silvicultural practicesPlanted component



Forest of primarily introduced and native species, established through plan-ting or seeding mainly for production of wood or non- wood goods

Forest of native or introduced species, established through planting or seeding mainly for provision of services
  • Weeding
  • Fertilizing
  • Thinning
  • Selective logging
Forest of native species, established through planting, seeding, coppice
Click on pictures for examples


last updated:  Tuesday, December 21, 2010