Planted Forests cover 264 million hectares and account for 7 percent of all forests. Their area expands each year by around 5 million hectares on average.
Planted Forests are composed by trees established through planting or seeding by human intervention. They include semi-natural forests with indigenous species and plantation forests with exotic species.
Planted Forests are important sources for forest products (roundwood, fibre, fuelwood and non-wood forest products) produced within sustainable, energy-efficient and environmentally friendly contexts. They also play a major role in preserving the social and cultural values attached to forests, particularly as natural forests decrease in size through deforestation (mainly in developing countries in the tropics and subtropics) or are designated for conservation or other purposes (mainly in developed countries in temperate zones).
Planted forests play a critical role in supporting sustainable forest management and international processes, including the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification, the Convention on Biological Diversity, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (including the Kyoto Protocol) and the United Nations Forum on Forests.
FAO provides technical support, guidelines and advisory services to member countries (in both the public and private sectors) to implement afforestation and reforestation programmes for both protection and production purposes. Assistance is provided to governments to establish legal, policy, planning, regulatory and institutional frameworks to support planted forest development and secure funding support for planted forest development. Field projects are implemented to demonstrate participatory processes, operational techniques and the social, environmental and economic benefits of planted forests. FAO collaborates with a wide range of international, regional, national and local partners in these tasks.
|The FAO programme on Planted Forests also hosts the Secretariat of the International Poplar Commission a Statutory Body of FAO that promotes the cultivation, conservation and utilization of members of the family Salicaceae, which includes poplars and willows to ensure the transfer and exchange of knowledge and technology especially from developed to developing countries.|