Committee on Mediterranean Forestry Questions-Silva Mediterranea
Over 90 years of Mediterranean forest management
State of Mediterranean Forests 2018
The forests of the Mediterranean region covers about 88 million hectares and represents two percent of the global forest area. Insofar as there has been an increase of 1.8 million hectares of forest between 2010 and 2015, there are 80 million hectares of degraded lands - including forests - in the Mediterranean. Over 400 000 hectares of forests are burnt each year and at least 16% of Mediterranean forest animal and plant species are threatened to be extinct due to global threats like climate change. Forests in Spain, Italy, Greece, Turkey and Morocco have the highest number of threatened species (26 percent in Spain, 24 in Italy, 21 in Greece, 17 in Turkey, 15 in Morocco).
Within this context - realizing that Mediterranean forests make crucial contributions to rural development, poverty alleviation, food security, water, tourism, and energy sectors - the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) in collaboration with Plan Bleu, published the State of Mediterranean Forests (SoMF) 2018. The first edition of State of Mediterranean Forests was launched successfully in 2013 and focused on the main questions posed in the realm of forestry: the need to have a monitoring process at regional level to raise awareness on the status of Mediterranean forest resources and to promote the role of Mediterranean forests at the international level. Utilizing the strategic framework developed by the SoMF 2013, SoMF 2018 focused on more narrow subjects while maintaining a regional interest. SoMF 2018 was created to demonstrate the important role Mediterranean forests play in facing the global challenges we have today. With 160 contributors from 90 countries, SoMF 2018 serves as a major tool in the promotion of Mediterranean forests. The publication will also demonstrate the contribution of Mediterranean forests in pursuit of the 2030 Development Agenda and the Paris Agreement.
The report is divided in three parts concentrating respectively on the importance of and threats to the Mediterranean landscape; Mediterranean forest-based solutions and approaches to address the drivers of forest degradation to the benefit of populations and the environment; and a consequent mise en place of an enabling environment to scale up the afore-mentioned solutions. One thing is clear, there is a need to change the way we see the role of forests in the economy, to put in place relevant policies, more widespread participatory approaches, to recognize the economic value of the goods and services provided by forests and, ultimately, to create appropriate financial incentives and tools.
The English version of the SoMF 2018 is now available in French both online and by PDF! Contrary to previous editions, through these links, you can also read the report from 2018 through E-PUB and MOBI on your tablets!
However, there is more news! We are already working on the SoMF 2023 edition! We want to hear from you! What are your expectations on the new edition? Let us know through a quick survey! You can easily access it through using your smartphones by using the below QR code for quick access!
For more information please contact the Secretariat of Silva Mediterranea at Silva-Mediterranea@fao.org
Maria Teresa Di Benedetto, Secretariat of Silva Mediterranea