Rehabilitation and management of mangroves and other costal forests and trees is only one component of comprehensive coastal management, which also works to ensure appropriate development of fisheries and aquaculture, agriculture, roads and other infrastructure, industry, tourism and residential living areas.
Needs for action
Mangroves contribute directly to rural livelihoods by providing wood and non-wood forest products - including timber, poles, fuelwood and thatch for houses - and indirectly by providing spawning grounds and nutrients for fish and shellfish. Mangroves can also help protect coastal areas from future tidal waves.
Restoration of severely affected mangroves would help speed up the recovery process from the tsunami including the restoration of livelihoods and should be undertaken as part of the post-tsunami rehabilitation process.
However, FAO does not recommend massive planting of mangroves in areas where they would replace other valuable ecosystems, such as turtle nesting grounds and sea grass beds.
An assessment of areas potentially available and suitable for replanting/rehabilitation should thus be conducted and rehabilitation and planting efforts should be undertaken within a larger framework of integrated coastal area management.
Further informationMangrove restoration and management references
Rehabilitation of degraded sites: Unasylva issue
For further information on forest restoration, please contact Masakazu.Kashio@fao.org