Wildlife and protected area management
3 March 2017 This new edition of Unasylva was written in collaboration with several members of the CPW and provides insights into community-based management approaches to wildlife protection; successful management practices to alleviate human – wildlife conflicts; trophy hunting and its outcomes for wildlife conservation; and indigenous people and local communities’ views on wildlife use. The publication also argues that the urgent challenges that we all face in maintaining biodiversity worldwide requires that indigenous peoples and local communities are empowered to act at the national and local levels and that assistance from the international community can contribute to achieving this. [more]
14 December 2016 Despite having a major influence on the sustainability of wildlife conservation and management, gender is an issue that is often overlooked or inadequately addressed, leading to compromised outcomes and greater inequalities. A new factsheet released at COP13 Cancun sheds light on gender's key role in successful wildlife planning and interventions and on the benefits that can accrue for all community members. [more]
According to the 2003 IUCN World Parks Congress, human-wildlife conflict occurs when wildlife requirements encroach on those of human populations, with costs both to residents and wild animals (IUCN, 2005). Human-wildlife conflict has existed for as long as humans and wild animals have shared the same landscapes and resources. Human-wildlife conflict does not occur only in Africa. Nowadays human-wildlife conflict exists in one form or another all over the world. Conflict between humans and crocodiles, for example, has been reported from 33 countries spanning the tropics and subtropics, and the problem probably exists in many more. While all continents and countries, whether developed or not, are affected by human-wildlife conflict, agropastoralists in developing countries are altogether more vulnerable than the people of developed nations.
Together with CIRAD, WWF, CAMPFIRE and other partners, FAO has produced a human-wildlife conflict toolkit. Currently being tested in southern Africa, the toolkit provides effective measures to help resolve, prevent and mitigate the growing problem of conflict between humans and wild animals. It is designed not only to help protect people, their livestock and crops from animals but, just as important, to safeguard animals from people. It includes policies, strategies and practical tips to make increasingly close cohabitation safer for everyone. As a general strategy, the toolkit emphasizes conflict prevention through advance land-use planning. Crops, for example, should be planted where they are less accessible to problem animals, with wildlife corridors allowing animals to move to and from water sources, and hard contact with riverine and hill-edge vegetation should be avoided as much as possible.
Review and insights from the literature and field experience
Forestry and Wildlife Officer
Sub-regional Office for Southern Africa