The State of Agricultural Commodity Markets 2020 (SOCO 2020) aims to discuss policies and mechanisms that promote sustainable outcomes – economic, social and environmental – in agricultural and food markets, both global and domestic. The analysis is organized along the trends and challenges that lie at the heart of global discussions on trade and development.
Topic: Markets and trade
As the COVID-19 pandemic turns into a global crisis, countries are taking measures to contain the pandemic.
Supermarket shelves remain stocked for now. But a protracted pandemic crisis could quickly put a strain on the food supply chains, which is a complex web of interactions involving farmers, agricultural inputs, processing plants, shipping, retailers and more. The shipping industry is already reporting slowdowns because of port closures, and logistics hurdles could disrupt the supply chains in the coming weeks.
The main challenge for African food systems in the future will be to provide food for a rapidly growing population with changing diets and food preferences. Whilst the population of Europe is decreasing, with consumers demanding food that is produced in an environmentally and socially responsible way, Africa’s population will more than double between 2020 and 2050, with food demand increasing even more as a result of dietary changes.
This new edition of the report focuses on food losses and waste, providing new estimates of the world’s food post-harvest up to, but excluding, the retail level. Addressing policy makers, the report also offers a comprehensive analysis of the critical loss points in specific supply chains, thus providing examples on appropriate measures for an effective reduction.
This document summarizes the online discussion The 11th WTO Ministerial Conference (MC11) and its significance for food security in Africa, held on the FAO Global Forum on Food Security and Nutrition in Africa (FSN Forum Africa) from 20 November to 8 December 2017. The discussion was facilitated by Georgios Mermigkas and Ishrat Gadhok of the FAO Trade and Markets Division, in collaboration with the Africa South of the Sahara Food Security Portal of IFPRI.
The relationship between trade and food security is attracting increased attention on both the trade and development agendas, with trade recognized as one of the means for achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). This course addresses the linkages between trade and food security, which are highly complex and have been subject to intense debates at the national and global levels. The challenge is how to ensure that the expansion of agricultural trade works for and not against, the eradication of hunger, food insecurity and malnutrition.
In order for agriculture to become a driver of growth and a tool to alleviate poverty, the investments and performance of key players across agricultural value chains—from farmers to large and small agricultural businesses—are vital. Since 2013, Enabling the Business of Agriculture (EBA) has collected data on laws and regulations that impact the enabling business environment for agriculture. By providing key data on regulatory frameworks that are globally comparable and actionable, EBA strengthens the information base that can be used for policy dialogue and reform.
Fueled by a burgeoning population, urbanisation and income growth, West African food demand is rapidly transforming, with striking increases in total quantities demanded, growing preference for convenience, diversification of diets towards more perishable products, and an increased concern for product quality. These changes provide great opportunities for the West African food system to increase production, value added, job creation and food security. Yet a number of structural and policy constraints continue to threaten the ability of West Africa to seize these opportunities.
FSN Forum brief based on the online discussions Pulses are praised for their health, environmental and economic benefits. How can their full potential be tapped? and Pulses: innovations from the field to the cooking pot, which were held from 25 May to 19 June 2016 and from 14 October to 4 November 2016 respectively. The discussions, along with two webinars, were organized in the context of the International Year of Pulses 2016.