Sorry, you need to enable JavaScript to visit this website.

المنتدى العالمي المعني بالأمن الغذائي والتغذية

Re: Harnessing the benefits of ecosystem services for effective ecological intensification in agriculture

Zoltan Brys
Zoltan Brys Hungary
  1. In your experience, how can the efficiency and cost-effectiveness of field and landscape interventions be maximized?
    In small-scale (UN-UNCDAT, 2013) and even at mid-scale farming  agroforestry offers a set of techniques for the described puropose. Yet these are knowledge-,  and human-labour intensive and localized methods. Diverse agroforestry (50+ edible plants cultivated) can be applied in certain level in existing sylvicultures as well.
  2. How can policy measures – at all levels - be designed in order to capture links between field and landscape management and the promotion of ecosystem services? Based on your experience, do you have any example of such policies?
    In our experience small-scale farmers, especially small-scale agroforestries (e.g. members of Agroforestry Research Trust) tend to be more open about learning and experimenting with ecological methods, especially cost-effective ones.
  3. From your knowledge and experience, how aware are European farmers of the relevance of ecosystem services for agricultural production? Do you have any examples of and/or suggestions for best practices for outreach activities to raise awareness on ecosystem services and ecological intensification?
    In our experience big-scale farmers are not aware of the relevance of ecosystem services for agricultural production. Again mid-, and especially, small-scale farmers and so-called "new-farmers" (eco-conscious small or sometimes even tiny) groups are more aware. Besides the new movements and experiments of no-tilling, no-pesticides etc., the following book is certainly valuable: UNCTAD: Wake up before it is too late. Make agriculture truly sustainable now for food security and changing climate. Trade and Environment Review 2013.
  4. Unasked contribution: We believe such an program (even we can call it agricultural reform) also has to deeply study the ongoing revolution in nutrition-science. By now it can be said that western-like diet are harmful for human health (Carrera-Bastos P et at.,2011) and there are also concerns around fabeles. Diverse, fruit-, and leaf-rich diet are proposed by most official dietetic-recommendation, so (extreme-)diversity in cultivation is also an important aspect to be added to LIBERATON.


    UNCTAD Wake up before it is too late. Make agriculture truly sustainable now for food security and changing climate. Trade and Environment Review 2013 (2013).

    Wild, M.: Peak soil: it's like peak oil, only worse, Energy Buletin, 2011.

    Milton, K. Back to basics: why foods of wild primates have relevance for modern human health. Nutrition 2000;16:480-3.

    Ceballos, Gerardo, et al. Accelerated modern human–induced species losses: Entering the sixth mass extinction Science Advances 1.5 (2015): e1400253.

    Carrera-Bastos P, Fontes-Villalba M, O’Keefe JH, Lindeberg S, Cordain L. The Western diet and lifestyle and diseases of civilization. Research Reports in Clinical Cardiology 2011;2:15-35.  

    Gurven M, Kaplan H. Longevity among hunter-gatherers: a cross-cultural examination. Popul Dev Rev 2007;33: 321-65.  

    Bribiescas RG, Hickey MS. Population variation and differences in serum leptin independent of adiposity: a comparison of Ache Amerindian men of Paraguay and lean American male distance runners. Nutr Metab (Lond) 2006;3:34.

    Chivers DJ, Hladik CM. Morphology of the gastrointestinaltract in primates: comparisons with other mammals in relation to diet. Journal of morphology 1980;166:337-86.

    Milton K. Diet and primate evolution. Scientific American 1993;269:86-93.

    Gerwin, M.: Food and democracy, Introduction to food sovereignty, Polish Green Network, 2011.

    Giampietro M., Pimentel D.: The tightening conflict: Population, energy use, and the technology of agriculture, 1994.

    Womack, James P.; Daniel T. Jones . Lean Thinking. Free Press. 2003

    Shibu Jose, H.E.  : Agroforestry Systems The Springer Journal, 2012

    Renting H., Marsden T. , Banks J.Understanding alternative food networks: exploring the role of short food supply chains in rural development. Environment and Planning A 2003, volume 35, pages 393 – 411, 2003