Le rôle des pêches et de l'aquaculture durable pour la sécurité alimentaire et la nutrition - Consultation virtuelle pour définir l’axe de l’étude

11.03.2013 - 12.04.2013

Conscient du rôle important joué par les pêches et l'aquaculture dans la sécurité alimentaire et la nutrition, le Comité de la sécurité alimentaire mondiale (CSA) a, lors de sa 39e session (octobre 2012), demandé au Groupe d'experts de haut niveau (HLPE) d'entreprendre une étude sur l’importance des pêches et de l'aquaculture durables pour la sécurité alimentaire et la nutrition, en vue de sa présentation à la plénière en 2014. Dans cette étude, « le Groupe d'experts de haut niveau se doit de prendre en compte les aspects environnementaux, sociaux et économiques des pêches durables, y compris des pêches artisanales, sans oublier le développement de l’aquaculture. Le rapport de cette étude doit être axé sur les politiques, être pratique et opérationnel ».

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Dans le cadre du processus d’élaboration de son rapport, le HLPE lance aujourd’hui une consultation virtuelle destinée à recueillir les opinions, les réactions et les commentaires sur la pertinence et l’importance relative de certaines questions clés que le rapport se propose d’aborder, à la lumière de la demande du CSA, et qui pourraient servir d’assises à ce rapport. Ces commentaires seront utilisés par le Comité de pilotage du HLPE qui mettra au point le mandat de l’étude et de l'équipe du projet HLPE qui sera chargée de préparer l'étude et les recommandations de politique.

Pour télécharger la proposition relative à la portée de l’étude, veuillez cliquer ici.
Si vous souhaitez contribuer, veuillez envoyer un email ou remplissez le formulaire ci-après.

La consultation sera ouverte jusqu’au 12 avril 2013.

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Dans le même temps, le HLPE lance un appel aux experts qui souhaiteraient participer à l’équipe du projet pour élaborer ce rapport. Les informations à ce sujet sont disponibles sur le site web du HLPE. Après avoir révisé les candidatures, le Comité directeur du HLPE désignera l'équipe du projet.
 

Le comité directeur du HLPE

18.03.2013

Greetings from Baghdad!

I have read your excellent paper, and think one key issue is missig, that is the relevance of this study to food aid. The current food aid distribution systems are energy based providing mainly cereals driving the poor into chronic hidden hunger for micronutreints. Fisheries if utlized propoerly, could well balance the food rations distributed to the food needy people and the current energy based formula of the food rations could be changed into a nutrition based food basket. Spill over effects of reduced cereals prices to market food consumers when sea food takes its proportional size in the new food emergncy baskets and more hungry people could be reached and fed are expected.

Sincerely,

Eltighani Elamin

Professor Eltighani Elamin (PhD)
Freelance consultant
Senior food/agriculture policy & capacity development specialist
Khartoum,  Sudan

 

George Kent University of Hawai'i (Emeritus), United States of America
17.03.2013

To help get this conversation started, I would like to point out a study I did in 2003 for FAO: “Fish Trade, Food Security, and the Human Right to Adequate Food”.
The abstract reads:

 “In global fish trade, large volumes of fish are exported from poorer countries to richer countries. This trade can affect food security in different ways for different parties, depending on the particular local circumstances. In assessing the impacts of fisheries trade on food security, it is important to distinguish among the impacts on fish workers and their communities, on the general population, and on the poor, who are the most vulnerable to malnutrition. The benefits of fisheries trade are likely to be enjoyed primarily by those whose are already well off. The poor may benefit, but they may also be hurt. At times the harm may be quite direct, as when fish on which they had depended for their diet is diverted to overseas markets. At times the impacts may be indirect, as when export oriented fisheries deplete or otherwise harm fisheries that had traditionally been used to provide for local consumption. Export-oriented fisheries may divert resources such as labor and capital away from production for local consumption. Fish workers may benefit from new export oriented fisheries if they participate in them, but in some cases these workers are simply displaced from their traditional livelihoods. The human right to adequate food is now well articulated in international human rights law. Under this law, national governments and other agencies are required to respect, protect, facilitate, and fulfill the right to adequate food. This means that public agencies that oversee the management of fisheries, including fish trade, are obligated to assure that these activities contribute to the achievement of food security, especially for those who are most vulnerable to malnutrition. To this end, it would be useful for the international community to provide guidance on how this can be done. The Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries could be elaborated to provide this guidance, giving particular attention to the impacts of fish trade on food security.”

In 2012 the UN’s Special Rapporteur on the Right to Food presented a report to the General Assembly giving a broader perspective on the right to food in relation to fisheries, available at

http://www.srfood.org/images/stories/pdf/officialreports/20121030_fish_en.pdf

These documents raise some of the issues that should be considered in the forthcoming HLPE report on The Role of Sustainable Fisheries and Aquaculture for Food Security and Nutrition.

Aloha, George Kent

Alfredo Quarto Mangrove Action Project, United States of America
15.03.2013

Dear Friends at CFS-HLPE,

I have some serious concerns about the future composition of your proposed study team addressing the stated theme “The Role of Sustainable Fisheries and Aquaculture for Food Security and Nutrition.” For one thing, I urge you to include representation on this team of artisenal fishers from local communities and Indigenous Peoples affected by industrial style aquaculture to ensure their voices are heard in regards to the food security issues.

Furthermore, I urge your candidature list to include representative regional members of community-based NGOs from the Global South where the majority of industrial aquaculture developments take place.

And, I urge that your study team begin by clearly defining the term “food security” whose meaning has been misconstrued as to what it really signifies and for whom it truly applies. In my 21 years working with Mangrove Action Project on these complex and troublesome issues, I have seen the food security of the importing nations being enhanced, but at the terrible costs to food security in the producer nations. Too often, in relation to farmed shrimp or salmon, so-called food security in the importing nations signifies food insecurity in the producer nations.

Alfredo Quarto, Executive Director

Mangrove Action Project