In your experience, how can the efficiency and cost-effectiveness of field and landscape interventions be maximized?
In small-scale (UN-UNCDAT, 2013) and even at mid-scale farming agroforestry offers a set of techniques for the described puropose. Yet these are knowledge-, and human-labour intensive and localized methods. Diverse agroforestry (50+ edible plants cultivated) can be applied in certain level in existing sylvicultures as well.
How can policy measures – at all levels - be designed in order to capture links between field and landscape management and the promotion of ecosystem services? Based on your experience, do you have any example of such policies?
In our experience small-scale farmers, especially small-scale agroforestries (e.g. members of Agroforestry Research Trust) tend to be more open about learning and experimenting with ecological methods, especially cost-effective ones.
From your knowledge and experience, how aware are European farmers of the relevance of ecosystem services for agricultural production? Do you have any examples of and/or suggestions for best practices for outreach activities to raise awareness on ecosystem services and ecological intensification?
In our experience big-scale farmers are not aware of the relevance of ecosystem services for agricultural production. Again mid-, and especially, small-scale farmers and so-called "new-farmers" (eco-conscious small or sometimes even tiny) groups are more aware. Besides the new movements and experiments of no-tilling, no-pesticides etc., the following book is certainly valuable: UNCTAD: Wake up before it is too late. Make agriculture truly sustainable now for food security and changing climate. Trade and Environment Review 2013.
Unasked contribution: We believe such an program (even we can call it agricultural reform) also has to deeply study the ongoing revolution in nutrition-science. By now it can be said that western-like diet are harmful for human health (Carrera-Bastos P et at.,2011) and there are also concerns around fabeles. Diverse, fruit-, and leaf-rich diet are proposed by most official dietetic-recommendation, so (extreme-)diversity in cultivation is also an important aspect to be added to LIBERATON.
UNCTAD Wake up before it is too late. Make agriculture truly sustainable now for food security and changing climate. Trade and Environment Review 2013 (2013).
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