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Global Forum on Food Security and Nutrition • FSN Forum

Re: Éradiquer l'extrême pauvreté: quel rôle pour l’agriculture?

Wendkouni Joël   Zongo
Wendkouni Joël ZongoCôte d'Ivoire

Dear Membres,

In Africa, the vast majority of the poor live in rural areas where people's livelihoods depend on agriculture and related trade, services and processing activities. This suggests that most of the income of the rural poor comes from agriculture-related activities. As a result, the fight against poverty is mainly a question of improving the living conditions of rural populations, in particular by strengthening agriculture, but also by promoting alternative sources of income. To do this, it is important firstly to stop the rural exodus by creating attractive living conditions in rural areas, thus enabling people to feel good in their village and contribute to the development of their locality, thereby reducing the number of homeless people in cities. Then, we must create good working conditions for the agricultural farmer taking into account his working environment and all that surrounds it because the first agricultural investment is the producer himself, the more he works in an environment favorable to his needs and more is motivated to produce more. In addition, access to credit must be made easier for small agricultural farmers, youth groups and women producers who want to start farming. The implementation of such actions could improve the standard of living of rural populations and thus reduce poverty in a global manner.

In the city, although agriculture offers an opportunity for young people to escape poverty and improve their living conditions, they are not always attracted to the agricultural sector. Indeed, the idea received by young people regarding agricultural trades is pejorative; it is unthinkable for them that a university graduate, after long studies, finds himself in plantations; they prefer to work in air-conditioned offices and not under the sun between plants. It is therefore urgent to find ways to make the agricultural sector more attractive to African youth (It is estimated that more than 41% of Africa's population is under 15 years old, those aged 15 to 24 represent 20% of the total population and about 11 million young people, will be expected each year on the labor market (FAO)).
Nowadays, young people use a lot of new technologies, they are the tools they like the most. It is therefore possible to transform / and or modernize the agricultural sector so that it is endowed with the latest technologies, which will allow a little time to attract young people to the agricultural trades but also to have a sustainable agriculture which to its tower will achieve food security.

Joël Zongo