This discussion space is the result of the collaboration between the Eurasian Center for Food Security (ECFS), the World Bank and the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO).
In the context of the L’Aquila Food Security Initiative, G8/G20 leaders committed to taking necessary measures to improve world food security, including measures relating to agricultural research and education. As part of this commitment of increasing Russia's response to global and regional food security concerns, the Government of the Russian Federation decided to establish the Eurasian Center for Food Security (ECFS) that is expected to gradually evolve into an internationally recognized center of excellence. The ECFS was established in June 2011 as an agrarian center within the Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU). The center primarily builds on existing MSU competence in relevant scientific fields and educational methods, including distance learning, and is chaired by the Head of the Department of Agricultural Economics of the MSU.
The mission of the ECFS is to contribute to sustainable agriculture and rural development and to ensure the sustainability of natural resource management in the Eurasian region through the provision of analytically based (policy and technical) recommendations and associated technical assistance, with the overarching goal of increasing Russia’s contribution to global food security.
The core activities of the ECFS are concentrated around three major directions: 1) socio-economic direction (policy, market and RDP analysis); 2) assessment, protection and rational use of natural resources (e.g. land, water) and 3) communication and education direction (strengthening of the ECFS as a knowledge center, ensuring scientific exchange and networking in the regions, and organizing training and education programs to strengthen human resources capacity in the Eurasian countries).
During the development phase, the Eurasian Center for Food Security is closely collaborating with the World Bank, which is providing both analytical and advisory services in order to bring the ECFS to its full operational speed. One of the highlights of the robust program of activities is to embark on several partnership programs with the leading global agriculture institutions, such as the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO), the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) and the International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA), and, as a result, the increased international attention to the Russian Federation’s initiative such as the Eurasian Food Security Center.
In support of these objectives, the ECFS and FAO's Global Forum on Food Security and Nutrition (FSN Forum) run online consultations to take stock of existing food security initiatives in the Eurasian region. During this process, the FSN Forum provides the ECFS with a “window” for dialogue, exchange and communication that helps the ECFS to eventually develop its peer community of practice and to raise awareness of its work within the international food security community.
The online consultations are public and aim at exploring a specific topic. They are launched through a brief introduction note prepared by the topic facilitator, an expert in the particular subject area. The facilitator uses the note to provide a general background on the topic under discussion and highlight the key questions to be considered. Depending on the topic, the forum engages in different partnerships with other organizations and networks to maximise outreach and participation.
The partners for the online consultations:
The Eurasian Center for Food Security (ECFS) is a newly established institution hosted as an agrarian center within the Moscow State University (MSU) that provides research and advisory services on food security matters to beneficiaries in the Eurasian region. The ECFS aims to become an important member of the global network of agricultural expertise and an internationally recognized agricultural research and educational center of excellence in the Eurasian region.
The World Bank is a vital source of financial and technical assistance to developing countries around the world. It is not a bank in the ordinary sense but a unique partnership to reduce poverty and support development. The World Bank Group comprises five institutions managed by their member countries. Established in 1944, the World Bank Group is headquartered in Washington, D.C. and has more than 120 offices worldwide.
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) leads international efforts to defeat hunger and achive food security for all, making sure people have regular access to enough high-quality food to lead active, healthy lives.
FAO's mandate is to raise levels of nutrition, improve agricultural productivity, better the lives of rural populations and contribute to the growth of the world economy. An intergovernmental organization, FAO has 194 Member Nations, two associate members and one member organization, the European Union. Headquartered in Rome, FAO is present in over 130 Countries.
The FSN Forum is a worldwide community of experts and practitioners on Food Security and Nutrition issues which organizes online discussions to exchange knowledge and to inform the global dialogue and decision-making processes.
With over 4600 Members from 170 countries and territories, the FSN Forum allows stakeholders such as academics, researchers, development practitioners, governments and the civil society to actively participate in the debate on topics of the global Food Security and Nutrition agenda and to provide constructive feedback along several policy formulation processes.
Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU) is the oldest university in Russia. Founded in 1755, the university was renamed in honour of its founder, Mikhail Lomonosov, in 1940. With over 50.00 students, 6 000 lecturers and about 5 000 researchers studying and working the MSU is also Russia largest university.
Russia assumed the G20 presidency for the first time on December 1, 2012. The G20 is the leading international cooperation forum, focusing on the most important international economic and financial issues. The G20 Leaders' Summit, to be held in St. Petersburg on September 5-6, 2013, will be the main G20 event of 2013.
The mandate of the Global Soil Partnership (GSP) is to improve governance of the limited soil resources of the planet in order to guarantee healthy and productive soils for a food secure world, as well as support other essential ecosystem services, in accordance with the sovereign right of each State over its natural resources. The GSP will also develop awareness and contribute to the development of capacities, build on best available science, and facilitate/contribute to the exchange of knowledge and technologies among stakeholders for the sustainable management and use of soil resources.