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Foro Global sobre Seguridad Alimentaria y Nutrición • Foro FSN

Re: Transforming gender relations in agriculture through women’s empowerment: benefits, challenges and trade-offs for improving nutrition outcomes

Ghady Chedrawi

I am glad to share with you a transformative gender approach implemented by FAO in several sub-Saharan African countries. Dimitra, a gender sensitive participatory communication approach promotes individual and collective socio-economic empowerment of rural populations, women and youth in particular. These clubs are informal spaces for dialogue and action at community level. The members are women, men, mixed or not, who meet regularly to discuss their development priorities and challenges, exchange experiences with other clubs, make informed choices, and take collective action to solve their problems – mainly related to agriculture and nutrition, as the clubs decide on which issues to tackle, all kinds of topics are discussed as well.

Today, about 1.500 Dimitra Clubs exist in five countries of Sub-Saharan Africa (DR Congo, Senegal, Niger, Burundi, and Ghana) with more than 300.000 direct beneficiaries and at least 1 million indirect beneficiaries, two thirds of which being women.

The Niger experience is of particular interest. In the framework of the UN joint program “Accelerating Progress towards the Economic Empowerment of Rural Women” (RWEE), the Dimitra Clubs have been chosen  by the four agencies of the Programme (UN Women, IFAD, WFP and FAO), as the entry point for all the activities. The approach was selected because the clubs ensure, at field level, efficient coordination among all agencies, participation of rural communities and feedback to the programme coordination, in general, transparency of all activities.

In the framework of the RWEE, specific training sessions on nutrition have been organized in five villages in the region of Dosso, where the programme is implemented. Participation was at the heart of these sessions in which the clubs identified themselves local nutritious ingredients and were trained to classify these ingredients into three main groups: energetic, constructive, and protective. The clubs were trained on the seasonal crop calendar, an activity that helped them brainstorm and find solutions when nutritious crops are not available around the year. They came up with some new conservation and processing methods, such as conserving cowpeas in vegetable oil and transforming it into Beroua. Participatory culinary demonstrations (millet couscous, cowpeas and squash with peanut sauce) also highlighted the importance of combining the three groups in one dish, in order to have a diversified nutrition and healthy lifestyle.

In order to assess the role and impact of the Dimitra Clubs approach on nutritional education, the Dimitra project conducted a survey after three months, focusing on participation levels, nutritional knowledge, knowledge transfer and community mobilization and actions. 125 members of the clubs (1 group of men, 1 group of young men, 1 group of young girls and 2 groups of women) were interviewed.

The survey results showed high participation in discussions among all club groups (women, men, and youth) and an improved knowledge base related to nutrition, malnutrition and its consequences.  As a result, collective actions within the clubs have been mainly focused on sensitizing the communities to the benefits of a diversified diet and good hygiene. It was also evident that several households began to diversify their diet for all family members. Results also showed a high level of networking among people, indicating that the information had circulated among friends, relatives and even reached other villages. Once again, Dimitra Clubs proved to be an innovative and efficient gender sensitive transformative approach for changing behaviours, here for improving nutrition.

A video showing another successful experience regarding the key role of FAO- Dimitra clubs in the Province of Tshopo (DR Congo) for improving food security and nutrition and promoting gender equality for men, women and youth is available on the following link:  https://youtu.be/jHG07gQ2H8Q