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Re: Forests and trees provide benefits for food security and nutrition– what is your say?

Salomeyesudas . Nalla Kerai ( Good Greens) Executive Director , India
14.02.2013
Salomeyesudas

Fruits seem to be a food that has been enjoyed by mankind from the earliest of times.  Most of us appreciate fruits because they are the easiest foods to handle.  Just wash and serve Fruits need absolutely no preparation or cooking.  In addition fruits lend themselves to be concerted into a variety of dishes.  They can be baked steamed, stewed, crushed, made into salads, ice creams, juices and sherbets.  They can also be made into delicious jams, jellies, pickles and puddings.  Fruits can be preserved easily.

Fruits contain abundant quantities of sugar.  In terms of nutrition, fruit are very good sources of several vitamins, minerals and dietary fiber.  Fruits are important foods in terms of health economy of ecology.  Fruits are health promoting as well as pleasure giving.  Fruits are very efficient sources of vitamin C and A.  We all ways associate fruits only with those of high market value.  But there are number of fruits available through out the year.  These wild fruits are edible and nutritious.  Most of these are location specific and seasonal.  Some advantageous of these fruits.

  • They are grown with out effort
  • They are freely available
  • They are consumed fresh therefore their nutrient contribution is significant.
  • They are seasonal and plenty
  • They are tasty
  • They are free of pesticide residue
  • They have high medicinal value
  • They have high wood value
  • Their foliage has high fodder value
  • They are easy is to raise
  • They are pest pesistant
  • They have high survival rate
  • They ensure our fruit consumption
  • They add diversity to our diet

In order to enrich our diet in terms of vitamins and minerals the most inexpensive way will be to promote wild fruit cultivation seriously.The most other important impact will be ensuring a healthy relation with our natural resources.  And creating respect for nature in future generation.

Present situation:

  • The knowledge about these species is being erode slowly
  • The present generation is not in a position to identify edible species
  • Reduction in forest area has brought down the consumption of wild fruit to a very low level
  • Cleaning of shrubs and shifting to Mono culture of fruit species is another area of serious concern.
  • Need for identification of  scientific names .

A small research was done and analyzed for  b - carotene content of some of the wild fruits is presented below.

Total carotenoids and b - carotene content of wild fruit samples

 

 

Sl.No

 

 

Name

 

Total carotenoids

 

b-carotene

 

<¾¾¾¾ m/100 g¾¾¾¾¾>

 

 

1

 

Ambadikayalu

 

570.69

 

16.85

2

Pulcheri

73.44

28.99

3

Nakkarapandulu

4236.78

428.59

4

Bonthapandu

161.25

12.29

5

Irkipandu

63.71

12.18

6

Medipandu

37.74

5.4

7

Illintha

514.73

16.56

8

Eethapandu

396.81

191.22

9

Chitmit

260.44

12.71

10

Kalmi

1026.30

326.66

11

Kakipandu

1300.39

177.16

12

Morripandu

1302.65

354.11

13

Kasipand 

2057.98

147.38

14

Balusakupandluu

404.49

19.86

15

Pitlapandlu

766.82

22.44

Other uses of wild fruits

Sl. No.

Local Name

Type

Other values

1

Balusuku pandu

Bush

Leaf is good fodder, used as

Fire wood. Rainy season fruit.

2

Illentha pandu

Small tree

High medicinal value.  Winter season fruit

3

Chit Mit

Tree

Latex has medicinal value.  Rainy season fruit

4

Chimidi pandlu

Tree

 

5

Kaki pandlu

Bush

Fence, Used as fire wood, roofing material.  Rainy season fruit.

6

Morri pandlu

Tree

High market value from fruit.  Latex has medicinal value.  Early summer fruit.

7

Parki pandlu

Bush

Fence, winter fruit

8

Pulichera pandlu

Bush

Fruits available through out the year

9

Kashe pandlu

Bush

Medicinal vlaue, through out year

10

Nalla jedi

Tree

Medicinal value, market value.  Early summer fruit

11

Dudi pandlu

Bush

Early summer fruit

12

Thella pulcheri

Bush

Medicinal value

13

Medi pandlu

Tree

Latex has medicinal value, wood value.  Summer fruit

14

Pam padiga pandlu

Bush Fence, winter fruit

 

15

Sudi pandlu

Tree

Winter fruit, leaf has market value

16

Kalimi pandlu

Bush

Early summer fruit

17

Pitta pandlu

Bush

Rainy season fruit

18

Nakkiri pandlu

Bush

Rainy season fruit

19

Itha pandlu

Tree

Winter fruit, leaf has market value

20

Bontha pandlu

Tree

Winter season fruit.  Firewood value

21

Sithaphal pandlu

Bush

Rainy season

22

Thada

Tree

Two crops

Because of thoughtless actions of man and low market value of these fruits we never gave them the place they deserve.  In order to promote fruit cultivation we need to think in a new direction considering the following points:

  • Identification of edible fruit species
  • Collection and documentation of these species
  • Documentation of other values of these species.  (Wood value, Medicinal value etc.,)
  • Conservation of existing edible fruit species
  • Propagation of these species scientifically
  • Popularizing these fruits
  • Conducting awareness campus.

Quick and thoughtful program may ensure the conservation of wild fruits, which are important foods in terms of health economy and ecology.

See the attachment:Fruits.doc