In response to your request for comments, I would like to share the following:
Partnering for implementation
The implementation of the SSF Guidelines is very important and to implement it properly and effective, all countries and organizations in national, regional and international levels should have cooperation with each other in a good manner. In this step paying attention to local and international relevant factors such as governments, Fishing communities, CSOs, NGOs, fishing cooperatives and the leaderships of the fishing societies are very important because without cooperation and collaboration of these groups the implementation of the guidelines could not be successful .making a good structure for managing and monitoring of all activities in different levels is the main duty of FAO secretariat.
In order to reach these achievements, we need to establish a standing committee related to SSF guidelines in high level and also national committees in the countries. The focal point in each country will be the secretariat of this committee and all of the related groups in national levels will manage and coordinate by the national committee. The relations between these committees and FAO secretariat are very important and FAO should support all of running activities in member countries and help them to solve their problems during the progress of this project.
Communication and Information - promoting cooperation and sharing of experiences
Countries to share experiences in implementing guidelines require different communication channels for all the members and stakeholders. This communication channels can be in special networking in cyberspace, identify focal points and contact persons in each country in order to make a two-way communications with the FAO Secretariat. In addition, the FAO should held annual and bi-annual meetings to find the progress of countries and reaching the achievements.
What kinds of interventions needs in the short, medium and long terms?
The most important interventions for implementing these guidelines in short, medium and long terms can be outlined as follows:
- Describe guidelines for member states through regional and international fisheries management organizations.
- Allocation of credit by the FAO to hold meetings and workshops organized by national and regional organization
– preparing an assessment questionnaire by the FAO in order to evaluate the progress of states in implementing the guidelines.
– Creation of a virtual space for sharing information and exchanging experiences of countries and resolve operational problems
- Financial and technical support from FAO for translating the guidelines in nation languages and preparing some brochures to inform the stakeholders specially in developing countries
-Implementing annual and bi-annual related meetings by the FAO Secretariat
- Determination of Focal Point and contact persons in each country for following the instructions
The major challenges for the implementation of the guidelines
– Inattention of the decision makers to these guidelines and Failure to cooperate in this field
– disagreement and challenge between decision-makers and stakeholders on how to implement the guidelines
- Lack or shortage of funds required to implement these guidelines in developing countries
- low literacy and illiteracy of fishing communities in developing countries and the lack of capacity in fishing cooperatives
– The existing cultural and religious beliefs and attitudes in some fishing communities
- inadequacy of national laws and regulations and lack of instruments for working in some countries and fishing communities.
-political and social problems in some of the countries which effect on implementation of the guidelines