Estimados miembros del Foro:
En el distrito de Lamwo, en el norte de Uganda, el sésamo (ajonjolí, ndr) se cultiva mayormente en parcelas que permanecieron en barbecho el año o los años anteriores. Esas parcelas tienen un alto contenido de materia orgánica y por lo tanto un alto índice de fertilidad. Esta práctica, sin embargo limita la participación de los ancianos en la producción de sésamo (que es sin embargo, uno de los cultivos que genera mayores ingresos), ya que los campesinos tienen que alejarse mucho de sus granjas (un promedio de unos 6 km) para acceder a las parcelas en barbecho o sin cultivar. Un anciano campesino me preguntó cómo se podría mejorar la fertilidad de las parcelas en torno a sus casas para poder utilizarlas para la producción de sésamo. Me gustaría conocer las opiniones y experiencias de los colegas sobre este tema.
Robert Okello Omach
Oficial de desarrollo agrícola
Mercy Corps, Uganda
The agricultural economics literature provides various estimates of the number of farms and small farms in the world. This paper is an effort to provide a more complete and up to date as well as carefully documented estimate of the total number of farms in the world, as well as by region and level of income.
It uses data from numerous rounds of the World Census of Agriculture, the only dataset available which allows the user to gain a complete picture of the total number of farms globally and at the country level. The paper provides estimates of the number of family farms, the number of farms by size as well as the distribution of farmland by farm size.
These estimates find that: there are at least 570 million farms worldwide, of which more than 500 million can be considered family farms. Most of the world’s farms are very small, with more than 475 million farms being less than 2 hectares in size. Although the vast majority of the world’s farms are smaller than 2 hectares, they operate only a small share of the world’s farmland. Farmland distribution would seem quite unequal at the global level, but it is less so in low- and lower-middle-income countries as well as in some regional groups.
These estimates have serious limitations and the collection of more up-to-date agricultural census data, including data on farmland distribution is essential to our having a more representative picture of the number of farms, the number of family farms and farm size as well as farmland distribution worldwide.
A practical guide for setting up family gardens for the production of nutritious, safe food crops, that would contribute to the diets of populations affected by food insecurity
Rice self-sufficiency is a key objective of most Asian governments, yet attaining that objective has been elusive for several countries over extended periods of time; long-term status as an exporter or importer is relatively constant, and is altered only by revolutionary events (i.e., major changes in policy or technologies). Traditional rice importers tend to eat less rice (and more wheat) than traditional exporters, so the determining factors behind rice self-sufficiency must lie on the supply side. This paper finds that the main determinant of (per capita) rice production is not rice yield per hectare, but rather the amount of per capita rice area harvested, which in turn is determined largely by the proportion of land that is well-suited for growing rice. Thus, countries with ample (per capita) supplies of water and flat land (i.e. those with dominant river deltas on the mainland) are self-sufficient in rice, and countries with more varied landscapes are not.