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Tema: Técnicas agrícolas

Fixing Uganda's Extension System

por Mr. Rwakakamba Morrison

Uganda has only 1600 extension workers mandated to serve 4,000, 000 million farmer households in Uganda giving a ratio of 1: 2500 farmer households.
The rural nature of most farms remains a challenge to graduate and fresh extension workers from college as these fresh professionals often prefer enjoying the trappings of peri-urban life.  
How do we crack this state of affairs? Do we leave solutions to policy makers and technocrats? Do we call for reinstatement and restoration of regional district farm demonstrations and stock farms?
A solution may perhaps lie in a stronger role of the private sector such as engaging in public –private partnerships and embracing technology. There is a pool of Extension Link farmers that were in late 1990’s trained by Uganda National Farmers Federation all over Uganda. Mobile phones technology can be used to complement extension efforts. Could such a model bring down the current expansive farmer-extension worker ratio and abridge the current information gap at the farm level?

Cómo mejorar la fertilidad de los campos de sésamo

por Robert Okello Omach

Estimados miembros del Foro:

En el distrito de Lamwo, en el norte de Uganda, el sésamo (ajonjolí, ndr) se cultiva mayormente en parcelas que permanecieron en barbecho el año o los años anteriores. Esas parcelas tienen un alto contenido de materia orgánica y por lo tanto un alto índice de fertilidad. Esta práctica, sin embargo limita la participación de los ancianos en la producción de sésamo (que es sin embargo, uno de los cultivos que genera mayores ingresos), ya que los campesinos tienen que alejarse mucho de sus granjas (un promedio de unos 6 km) para acceder a las parcelas en barbecho o sin cultivar. Un anciano campesino me preguntó cómo se podría mejorar la fertilidad de las parcelas en torno a sus casas para poder utilizarlas para la producción de sésamo. Me gustaría conocer las opiniones y experiencias de los colegas sobre este tema.

Saludos

Robert Okello Omach
Oficial de desarrollo agrícola
Mercy Corps, Uganda

 

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The contribution of insects to food security, livelihoods and the environment

Entomophagy is the consumption of insects by humans. Entomophagy is practised in many countries around the world but predominantly in parts of Asia, Africa and Latin America. Insects supplement the diets of approximately 2 billion people and have always been a part of human diets. However, it is only recently
that entomophagy has captured the attention of the media, research institutions, chefs and other members of the food industry, legislators and agencies dealing with food and feed. The Edible Insects Programme at FAO also examines the potential of arachnids (e.g. spiders and scorpions) for food and feed, although by definition these are not insects.

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The State of Food and Agriculture 2014

More than 500 million family farms manage the majority of the world's agricultural land and produce most of the world's food. We need family farms to ensure global food security, to care for and protect the natural environment and to end poverty, undernourishment and malnutrition. Goals can be thoroughly achieved if public policies support family farms to become more productive and sustainable; in other words policies must support family farms to innovate within a system that recognizes their diversity and the complexity of the challenges faced.

The State of Food and Agriculture 2014: Innovation in family farming analyses family farms and the role of innovation in ensuring global food security, poverty reduction and environmental sustainability. It argues that family farms must be supported to innovate in ways that promote sustainable intensification of production and improvements in rural livelihoods.