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Tema: Precios de los alimentos

Volatilidad de los precios alimentarios y oferta de mano de obra

por Mr. Julian Hochscherf

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Estoy haciendo un doctorado so bre la asegurabilidad de los vaivenes de precios inducidos por la meteorología en África Subsahariana utilizando microseguros basados en índices. Estoy interesado en descubrir las consecuencias derivadas de volatilidad de los precios en la oferta de mano de obra eficaz. Además, me gustaría analizar si esta decisión sobre la oferta de mano de obra puede ser una explicación para el bajo crecimiento económico en los países que muestran una relativa mayor volatilidad de los precios.

El primer paso del proyecto será el de encontrar evidencia empírica de que en efecto hay una reacción en relación a la oferta de mano de obra eficaz frente a los precios volátiles de los alimentos. Un segundo paso sería descubrir los patrones de precios entre los fenómenos meteorológicos adversos y los precios de los alimentos y determinar los efectos de los índices de seguros. Al encontrarme iniciando este proyecto, estaría encantado de recibir muchas proposiciones, comentarios y contactos de profesionales o investigadores con experiencia, etc

Julian Hochscherf

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Policy brief: Improving wheat trade policy administration to benefit both consumers and producers in the United Republic of Tanzania

Import tariffs and costly import procedures may explain why consumers in the United Republic of Tanzania pay relatively high prices for wheat. Although wheat farmers benefit from higher prices, domestic production has not increased. Indeed, since 2000 domestic wheat production has been able to cover only about 20 per cent of the country’s consumption requirements.

 Findings from a recent study conducted by the Monitoring African Food and Agricultural Policies (MAFAP) project suggest that:

  • - simplifying procedures for importing wheat and reducing overall import costs would make wheat more affordable for consumers;
  • - monitoring re-exports of wheat flour to neighbouring countries would help ensure that lower import tariffs for wheat actually lead to lower domestic prices; and
  • - supporting efforts to develop wheat varieties adapted to local agro-ecological and climatic conditions, and expanding related extension services, are crucial for increasing wheat production.

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Indonesia’s Modern Food Retail Sector: Interaction With Changing Food Consumption and Trade Patterns

Indonesia’s food market has changed in response to a changing and growing economy. The report examines changes in the food consumption pattern and measures the growth of modern food retail chains, packaged food purchases, and food imports in the world’s fourth-most-populous country. The evidence suggests that Indonesians are moving toward modern global purchasing and consumption patterns, but more slowly than in some comparable countries. Barriers to foreign and domestic commerce, affecting the development of modern food retail supply chains, are important constraints on food market change in Indonesia. Further change in Indonesia’s retail food sector will help determine future growth in imports, including from the United States.

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Towards global governance of food security

Can the new food governance system and strategic thinking on food security and rural development, prompted by the 2007–09 food “crisis”, prevent future crises and lead to the lasting eradication of hunger?