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Tema: Tenencia de la tierra

¿Cómo se pueden asegurar los derechos de las mujeres a la tierra?

¿Cómo se pueden asegurar los derechos de las mujeres a la tierra?

A pesar del papel y contribución fundamentales de las mujeres en la agricultura y la seguridad alimentaria, su capacidad para acceder a la tierra y a otros recursos naturales se ve debilitada por su estatus dentro de la comunidad, así como por las discriminatorias leyes consuetudinarias u oficiales ¿Qué se puede hacer al respecto? ¿Qué ejemplos existen de políticas y herramientas que promuevan los derechos de las mujeres a la tierra?

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Latifundio y extranjerización de las tierras

por Annalisa Melandri

El latifundio y la extranjerización de las  tierras son dos amenazas para la seguridad alimentaria. Como se aborda el tema en las organizaciones internacionales y que respuestas se puedan adoptar?

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What do we really know about the number and distribution of farms and family farms in the world?

The agricultural economics literature provides various estimates of the number of farms and small  farms in the world. This paper is an effort to provide a more complete and up to date as well as  carefully documented estimate of the total number of farms in the world, as well as by region and  level of income.

It uses data from numerous rounds of the World Census of Agriculture, the only  dataset available which allows the user to gain a complete picture of the total number of farms  globally and at the country level. The paper provides estimates of the number of family farms, the  number of farms by size as well as the distribution of farmland by farm size.

These estimates find that:  there are at least 570 million farms worldwide, of which more than 500 million can be considered  family farms. Most of the world’s farms are very small, with more than 475 million farms being less  than 2 hectares in size. Although the vast majority of the world’s farms are smaller than 2 hectares,  they operate only a small share of the world’s farmland. Farmland distribution would seem quite  unequal at the global level, but it is less so in low- and lower-middle-income countries as well as in  some regional groups.

These estimates have serious limitations and the collection of more up-to-date  agricultural census data, including data on farmland distribution is essential to our having a more representative picture of the number of farms, the number of family farms and farm size as well as farmland distribution worldwide. 

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FSN Forum Brief - Forests and trees provide benefits for food security and nutrition – what is your say?

Brief based on the online discussion, held from 4 to 26 February 2013, facilitated by FAO’s Global Forum on Food Security and Nutrition (FSN Forum) with FAO’s  Forestry Department in the context of the International Conference on Forests for Food Security and Nutrition.