El latifundio y la extranjerización de las tierras son dos amenazas para la seguridad alimentaria. Como se aborda el tema en las organizaciones internacionales y que respuestas se puedan adoptar?
With over 10,400,000 citizens connected to mobile phones in Uganda (according to International Communication Union) over 5,000,000 browsing internet daily and millions tuning into more than 228 fm radio stations broadcasting in local languages – Do we still need the kind of cooperatives that operated in 1970’s and 1980s to connect farmers and small businesses to markets? Calls for revival of Cooperatives are a hot and rehearsed issue, amongst, especially opposition politicians and operatives. Possibly bending a bit to pressure, government rebranded the Ministry to Trade Tourism and Industry to Ministry of Trade and Cooperatives! Alas- this Cooperative narrative needs to be re-imagined in current Uganda. We need to be talking about new ways of organizing and governing markets. If old cooperatives don’t change, what is left of them will soon disappear.
Uganda has only 1600 extension workers mandated to serve 4,000, 000 million farmer households in Uganda giving a ratio of 1: 2500 farmer households.
The rural nature of most farms remains a challenge to graduate and fresh extension workers from college as these fresh professionals often prefer enjoying the trappings of peri-urban life.
How do we crack this state of affairs? Do we leave solutions to policy makers and technocrats? Do we call for reinstatement and restoration of regional district farm demonstrations and stock farms?
A solution may perhaps lie in a stronger role of the private sector such as engaging in public –private partnerships and embracing technology. There is a pool of Extension Link farmers that were in late 1990’s trained by Uganda National Farmers Federation all over Uganda. Mobile phones technology can be used to complement extension efforts. Could such a model bring down the current expansive farmer-extension worker ratio and abridge the current information gap at the farm level?
Banana Balangon Project: An innovation Towards Sustainable Development of T’boli and Ubo Farmers in Lake Sebu, South Cotabato Philippines, is a study that mainly aimed to explore the positive and significant changes in the lives of indigenous people in Lake Sebu, South Cotabato, Philippines as a result of their participation in the innovation-market for organic banana. In addition, the sustainability of the project was also determined in the study. A descriptive exploratory method was employed as a research design that utilized qualitative data measures such as individual and focus group participatory economic valuation, participatory action research, semi-structured interviews, basic necessities survey and SD analyzer. Sixty four (64) T’boli and Ubo farmers were the respondents of the study. In summary, there has been a shift on the respondents’ traditional way of life from traditional hunting and gathering, and slash and burn agriculture, to having a more stable and sustainable source of income through the project.
The study hoped to contribute to the existing literature and studies of organic agriculture and banana production in the Philippines. Secondly, it desired to enrich the available data that would be helpful to the national government and local government units as well as for the farmers of the Banana Balangon Project. Lastly, the study is intended to be useful for the policy makers as to how socio-economic and cultural issues regarding organic agriculture can be addressed.