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03.06.2013 - 28.06.2013

Social protection to protect and promote nutrition

The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the World Health Organization (WHO) in cooperation with IFAD, IFPRI, UNESCO, UNICEF, World Bank, WTO, WFP and the High Level Task Force on the Global Food Security Crisis (HLTF), are jointly organizing the Second International Conference on Nutrition (ICN2) at FAO Headquarters, Rome from 19 to 21 November 2014. The ICN2 will be a high-level ministerial conference which will seek to propose a flexible policy framework to adequately address the major nutrition challenges of the next decades. It will also seek to identify priorities for international cooperation on nutrition in the near and medium-term. As part of the preparatory process for the conference, a technical meeting is to be held at FAO Headquarters 13-15 November 2013. More information is available at:

To feed into and inform this meeting, a series of on-line discussions are scheduled to be held on selected thematic areas. This online discussion “Social protection to protect and promote nutrition”, promoted by IFPRI, ODI, IPC-UNDP, UNICEF, WFP and the World Bank as part of the ICN2 Social Protection and Nutrition Task Force, aims to explore how the most disadvantaged and nutritionally vulnerable groups of society - low income, resource poor, food insecure, economically marginalized and socially excluded (especially women and children) -  can be protected by an inclusive development process through the design and implementation of nutrition-enhancing social policies and social protection interventions. In this regard, please consult the Concept Note on “social protection to protect and promote nutrition”.

The outcome of this online discussion will be used to enrich the discussions at the preparatory technical meeting on 13-15 November 2013 and thereby feed into and inform the main high level ICN2 event in 2014.

We would like to invite you to comment upon and further develop this Concept Note as well as to share your experiences and views on this thematic area by responding to the following questions:

  • What are the main issues for policy-makers to consider in the design, formulation and implementation of nutrition-enhancing social protection measures?
  • What are the key institutional and governance challenges to the delivery of cross-sectoral and comprehensive social protection policies that protect and promote nutrition of the most vulnerable?
  • In your experience, what are key best-practices and lessons-learned in fostering cross-sectoral linkages to enhance malnutrition and poverty reduction through social protection?

Recent documents and fora that highlight the importance of these synergies include:

We look forward to your contributions.

Nyasha Tirivayi
Social Protection Specialist
On behalf of the ICN2 Secretariat

This discussion is now closed. Please contact for any further information.

Mr. NGOUAMBE Nestor MINADER, Cameroon

La sécurité alimentaire est vue sous au moins trois angles, à savoir: (1) la disponibilité, (2) l'accès , (3) l'utilisation. L'un des défis actuel de la sécurité alimentaire est de concilier ses trois composantes. On observe parfois un paradoxe entre la production et la nutrition. Il s'agit des zones de production, des grands bassins de production qui sont les plus vulnérables à la malnutrition. Par exemple, Dury S a montré que dans la région de Sikasso au Nord du Mali, la production des céréales est au dessus de la moyenne nationale mais la zone présente les taux de malnutrition les plus haut du pays. Il en est de même à l'ouest du Cameroun où, cette zone considéré comme le grenier alimentaire du pays, présente un taux de vulnérabilité à la malnutrition le plus élevé du pays. Il est aussi constaté que les femmes sont victime des discriminations qui limitent leur implication active dans les stratégies de sécurité alimentaire du ménage.

Au vu de tout ceci, la protection sociale doit s'attarder sur les facteurs qui limitent l'autonomisation des femmes dans la production; cette protection doit s'attarder sur les enfants en renforçant les capacités des femmes rurales à l'éducation nutritionnelle. Le financement de l'agriculture n'est plus à démontrer dans les stratégies de sécurité alimentaire. La lutte contre l'accaparement des terres et la prolifération des agrocarburant sont autant de facteurs qui, développés, réduiront significativement la vulnérabilité des populations.