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Thème: Techniques agricoles

Moringa for increased nutrition and poverty reduction

par Ms. Tyson Deal

Familiar with Moringa?  I need your help! My name is Tyson Deal, and I am a graduate student at the University of Georgia pursuing a Master’s of Agricultural Leadership. I am conducting a study about Moringa and the limiting factors of its adoption and use for agricultural development.

I am looking for individuals to participate in a research study for my master’s thesis. The study involves answering questions regarding the subject of Moringa and agricultural development. If you would be interested to lend your expertise by participating in the study, if you have questions, or would like more information, please contact me or the primary investigator (PI) Maria Navarro at fsn-moderator@fao.org.

If you are interested in participating, the link to the questionnaire is: https://ugeorgia.qualtrics.com/SE/?SID=SV_6Xy1dFhvC4VrQcB. Please feel also free to answer the questions in this Forum.

Your time, participation, and input are greatly appreciated. I thank you in advance for helping a graduate student and contributing to research for the greater-good.

Tyson Deal and Dr. Maria Navarro

University of Georgia
United States of America

Fixing Uganda's Extension System

par Mr. Rwakakamba Morrison

Uganda has only 1600 extension workers mandated to serve 4,000, 000 million farmer households in Uganda giving a ratio of 1: 2500 farmer households.
The rural nature of most farms remains a challenge to graduate and fresh extension workers from college as these fresh professionals often prefer enjoying the trappings of peri-urban life.  
How do we crack this state of affairs? Do we leave solutions to policy makers and technocrats? Do we call for reinstatement and restoration of regional district farm demonstrations and stock farms?
A solution may perhaps lie in a stronger role of the private sector such as engaging in public –private partnerships and embracing technology. There is a pool of Extension Link farmers that were in late 1990’s trained by Uganda National Farmers Federation all over Uganda. Mobile phones technology can be used to complement extension efforts. Could such a model bring down the current expansive farmer-extension worker ratio and abridge the current information gap at the farm level?

Comment améliorer la fertilité des champs de sésame?

par Robert Okello Omach

Chers/Chères membres,

Dans le district de Lamwo, au nord de l’Ouganda, le sésame est essentiellement cultivé dans des champs restés en jachère l'année ou les années précédents et qui présentent donc un contenu élevé en matière organique et, partant, sont très fertiles. Cette pratique empêche toutefois les aînés de participer à la production de sésame (qui est pourtant l’une des cultures les plus rentables) car les agriculteurs doivent parcourir de longues distances (environ 6 km en moyenne) pour accéder aux terrains vierges ou en jachère. Un agriculteur âgé m’a demandé comment améliorer la fertilité des terrains proches des fermes afin de pouvoir les utiliser pour la production de sésame. J’aimerais connaître les opinions et les expériences de mes collègues dans ce domaine.

Cordialement
Robert Okello Omach
Fonctionnaire chargé du développement agricole
Mercy Corps Ouganda

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The State of Food and Agriculture 2014

More than 500 million family farms manage the majority of the world's agricultural land and produce most of the world's food. We need family farms to ensure global food security, to care for and protect the natural environment and to end poverty, undernourishment and malnutrition. Goals can be thoroughly achieved if public policies support family farms to become more productive and sustainable; in other words policies must support family farms to innovate within a system that recognizes their diversity and the complexity of the challenges faced.

The State of Food and Agriculture 2014: Innovation in family farming analyses family farms and the role of innovation in ensuring global food security, poverty reduction and environmental sustainability. It argues that family farms must be supported to innovate in ways that promote sustainable intensification of production and improvements in rural livelihoods.