By Dr. Festo Kavishe, UNICEF Country Representative, Zimbabwe The paper provides informations about the actual humanitarian, economical and political situation in Zimbabwe. Through detailed charts, the paper meets themes like floods, the outcome of the UNICEF/Boston University Vulnerability Study and Food and Nutrition Security Assessment. From the economical point of view, the paper faces problems like food, fuel, foreign currency, money supply and inflation. As for political matters, the author provides datas from the March elections and the SADC (Southern African Development Community)
Fish and fisheries are important for the livelihoods, food, and income of the rural population in Bangladesh. The objective of the research and capacity-building activities described in this paper is to increase the production, accessibility, and intake of nutrient-dense small indigenous fish species, in particular mola (Amblypharyngodon mola), in order to combat micronutrient deficiencies.
Agnes R. Quisumbing and Scott McNiven, FAO/ESA This paper investigates the impact of migration and remittances on asset holdings, consumption expenditures, and credit constraint status of households in origin communities, using a unique longitudinal data set from the Philippines. The paper examines the impact of remittances from outside the original survey villages on parent households, taking into account the endogeneity of the number of migrants and remittances received to characteristics of the origin households and communities, completed schooling of sons and daughters, and shocks to both the origin households and migrants.
Christian Romer Løvendal, Kristian Thor Jakobsen and Andrew Jacque, FAO/ESA, 2007 The economy of Trinidad and Tobago is booming, in particular as a consequence of increased energy production and the historical high oil prices. Whilst general inflation has remained relatively low for much of the present economic boom, substantial increases in retail food prices have been observed, in particular since 2005. This paper looks at the development of retail food prices, its causes, the potential impact thereof in terms of food security and possible policy options for addressing this. It concludes that whilst households with low income are the groups most affected by the food price increases and will continue to be so in the wake of increasing international prices, it is unlikely that the price increases in isolation will throw off Trinidad and Tobago’s path towards meeting the MDG 1 hunger target and bringing the share of undernourished people down to 6.5% by 2015. However, food security problems will remain, in particular related to overweight and obesity caused by unbalanced diets.