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Thème: Prix des denrées alimentaires

Volalité des prix des denrées alimentaires et offre de main d’oeuvre

par Mr. Julian Hochscherf

Chers membres du forum,

Je prépare un doctorat sur l’assurabilité des chocs des prix des denrées alimentaires dus aux aléas météorologiques en Afrique subsaharienne sur la base de micro assurances indexées. J’étudie plus particulièrement les répercussions de la volatilité des prix des denrées alimentaires sur l'offre de main-d'oeuvre effective. Je voudrais en outre analyser si ces décisions en matière d'offre de main-d'oeuvre peuvent constituer une explication à la faiblesse de la croissance économique dans les pays qui affichent une volatilité relativement plus forte des prix des denrées alimentaires.

La première phase du projet va consister à trouver des preuves empiriques qui rendent compte d'une réaction de l'offre de main-d'oeuvre effective face à la volatilité des prix des denrées alimentaires. La deuxième phase sera de mettre en évidence des modèles de prix entre les aléas climatiques et les prix des denrées alimentaires et de déterminer leur impact sur l’indexation des assurances. Puisque je n’en suis qu’au premier stade de ce projet, je serais très reconnaissant aux praticiens ou chercheurs plus expérimentés de bien vouloir m'envoyer des propositions, des commentaires, des contacts, etc.

Julian Hochscherf

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Policy brief: Improving wheat trade policy administration to benefit both consumers and producers in the United Republic of Tanzania

Import tariffs and costly import procedures may explain why consumers in the United Republic of Tanzania pay relatively high prices for wheat. Although wheat farmers benefit from higher prices, domestic production has not increased. Indeed, since 2000 domestic wheat production has been able to cover only about 20 per cent of the country’s consumption requirements.

 Findings from a recent study conducted by the Monitoring African Food and Agricultural Policies (MAFAP) project suggest that:

  • - simplifying procedures for importing wheat and reducing overall import costs would make wheat more affordable for consumers;
  • - monitoring re-exports of wheat flour to neighbouring countries would help ensure that lower import tariffs for wheat actually lead to lower domestic prices; and
  • - supporting efforts to develop wheat varieties adapted to local agro-ecological and climatic conditions, and expanding related extension services, are crucial for increasing wheat production.

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Indonesia’s Modern Food Retail Sector: Interaction With Changing Food Consumption and Trade Patterns

Indonesia’s food market has changed in response to a changing and growing economy. The report examines changes in the food consumption pattern and measures the growth of modern food retail chains, packaged food purchases, and food imports in the world’s fourth-most-populous country. The evidence suggests that Indonesians are moving toward modern global purchasing and consumption patterns, but more slowly than in some comparable countries. Barriers to foreign and domestic commerce, affecting the development of modern food retail supply chains, are important constraints on food market change in Indonesia. Further change in Indonesia’s retail food sector will help determine future growth in imports, including from the United States.

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Towards global governance of food security

Can the new food governance system and strategic thinking on food security and rural development, prompted by the 2007–09 food “crisis”, prevent future crises and lead to the lasting eradication of hunger?