The purpose of this study is to analyze the economic effects of land reform policies in Tajikistan on the country’s agricultural sector and rural households. There is a conspicuous lack of evidence-based policy dialogue with the government on the effectiveness of land and agricultural policies in Tajikistan. Though the majority of rural inhabitants live in poverty and many are food insecure, a scientifically proper evaluation of the effects of land and farm policy reforms has yet to be done. The present study is an attempt to fill this void by offering a description of land reform and an analysis of its economic consequences in Tajikistan.
The purpose of these Voluntary Guidelines is to serve as a reference and to provide
guidance to improve the governance of tenure of land, fisheries and forests with the
overarching goal of achieving food security for all and to support the progressive
realization of the right to adequate food in the context of national food security.
Today, the world’s natural resources are under increasing pressure and are often the object of important power struggles between corporations, states and communities. National governments and international institutions are responsible for shaping the environment in which these different interests operate. Growing foreign investments in land, water and other natural resources are found weakening developing countries’ capacity to regulate their food, land and water sectors. The international investment legal framework prioritizes the protection of investor rights over almost any other consideration. In this situation when nether the state machinery, nor the legal norms, nor the international actors are found supporting the world’s poor, can judiciary deliver the justice? This paper finds out what is viability of litigation for redressing situation of hunger and food insecurity.