Chers membres du forum,
Je prépare un doctorat sur l’assurabilité des chocs des prix des denrées alimentaires dus aux aléas météorologiques en Afrique subsaharienne sur la base de micro assurances indexées. J’étudie plus particulièrement les répercussions de la volatilité des prix des denrées alimentaires sur l'offre de main-d'oeuvre effective. Je voudrais en outre analyser si ces décisions en matière d'offre de main-d'oeuvre peuvent constituer une explication à la faiblesse de la croissance économique dans les pays qui affichent une volatilité relativement plus forte des prix des denrées alimentaires.
La première phase du projet va consister à trouver des preuves empiriques qui rendent compte d'une réaction de l'offre de main-d'oeuvre effective face à la volatilité des prix des denrées alimentaires. La deuxième phase sera de mettre en évidence des modèles de prix entre les aléas climatiques et les prix des denrées alimentaires et de déterminer leur impact sur l’indexation des assurances. Puisque je n’en suis qu’au premier stade de ce projet, je serais très reconnaissant aux praticiens ou chercheurs plus expérimentés de bien vouloir m'envoyer des propositions, des commentaires, des contacts, etc.
With over 10,400,000 citizens connected to mobile phones in Uganda (according to International Communication Union) over 5,000,000 browsing internet daily and millions tuning into more than 228 fm radio stations broadcasting in local languages – Do we still need the kind of cooperatives that operated in 1970’s and 1980s to connect farmers and small businesses to markets? Calls for revival of Cooperatives are a hot and rehearsed issue, amongst, especially opposition politicians and operatives. Possibly bending a bit to pressure, government rebranded the Ministry to Trade Tourism and Industry to Ministry of Trade and Cooperatives! Alas- this Cooperative narrative needs to be re-imagined in current Uganda. We need to be talking about new ways of organizing and governing markets. If old cooperatives don’t change, what is left of them will soon disappear.
Overcoming malnutrition in all of its forms – caloric undernourishment, micronutrient deficiencies and obesity – requires a combination of interventions in different areas that guarantee the availability of and access to healthy diets. Among the key areas, interventions are required in food systems, public health systems and the provision of safe water and sanitation. This pocketbook not only focuses on indicators of food security and nutritional outcomes but also on the determinants that contribute to healthy lives. The pocketbook is structured in two sections: Thematic spreads related to food security and nutrition, including detailed food consumption data collected from national household budget surveys; Comprehensive country and regional profiles with indicators categorized by anthropometry, nutritional deficiencies, supplementation, dietary energy supplies, preceded by their "setting". The setting provides demographic indicators as well as health status indicators based on mortality patterns and the provision of safe water and sanitation. Anthropometry indicators provide information not only on the prevalence of acute and chronic forms of under-nutrition but also on the prevalence of obesity. Their co-existence is often referred to as the double burden of malnutrition. Nutritional deficiency indicators reveal food security issues at the national level based on the adequacy of energy supplies; they also reveal the prevalence of micronutrient deficiencies, often referred to as “hidden hunger”. Combined with anthropometric measurements, they allow for the identification of the triple burden of malnutrition (under-nutrition, obesity and hidden hunger). Regarding hidden hunger, indicators concerning iodine and vitamin A have been selected. Dietary indicators are based on national food supplies and inform on the overall quality of diets. Focus is also on the importance of diets during the first 1 000 days of an infant’s life, with indicators selected on the quality of breastfeeding, dietary diversity and meal frequency.
As part of a three-phase project, the Food Security Information Network (FSIN) sponsored a comparative study of the globally managed cross-country price and market information systems to assess complementarities and overlaps.
This report contains a review of these databases in terms of data collection, quality control mechanisms, management, use, analysis methods and tools. It includes recommendations to improve the integration and harmonization of the FAO, WFP and FEWS NET databases, in order to improve efficiency and enhance inter-operability.
A second phase is underway to begin implementing these recommendations, identify gaps in existing guidance, and review how market price data are collected and used in selected countries.
The ultimate objective of the project is to facilitate national capacity development on FSN information systems based on expressed demands.