Many governments intervene directly in agricultural product, in particular food, markets. A quantitative assessment of the impact of the policy changes on the desired objectives is important as it helps inform and shape the policy debate on the reform alternatives and increases transparency of government policy. This paper reviews the literature on multi-market models which offer more accurate ex ante impact analysis than single-market models by including potentially important indirect effects. While fairly complex and requiring large amounts of data multi-market models are however much simpler than computable general equilibrium models. They are typically applied at the sector level and have proven quite popular in particular in agricultural policy reform impact analysis. While more recent work has emphasized the poverty reduction and income distribution objective the models can generate a range of information relevant to policy makers. Key Words: Multi-market models, agricultural policy impact analysis.
To the best of our information and understanding ‘Producer Company (PC)’ or the Institutional Producer Company (IPC), a federation of PCs, as dreamt by us is nonexistent as of Jan 2007. It is a company like any other company in the corporate world but with a difference, and how we visualize it to be formed and functioning. This concept has been talked about for over a decade and at different fora and some components of it have been implemented at several locations in different countries but not in its wholesomeness as discussed below.
The purpose of these Voluntary Guidelines is to serve as a reference and to provide
guidance to improve the governance of tenure of land, fisheries and forests with the
overarching goal of achieving food security for all and to support the progressive
realization of the right to adequate food in the context of national food security.
By C. Peter Timmer, FAO, 1997. The main premise of this essay is that an early escape from hunger is not primarily the result of private decisions in response to free-market forces. Improved food security stems directly from a set of government policies that integrate the food economy into a development strategy that seeks rapid economic growth with improved income distribution. With such policies, countries in East and Southeast Asia offer evidence that poor countries can escape from hunger in two decades or less, that is, in the space of a single generation.